spruce

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Related to sprucest: sprucer

spruce 1

 (spro͞os)
n.
1.
a. Any of various coniferous evergreen trees of the genus Picea, having flattened or four-angled needlelike leaves, a conic shape, pendulous cones, and soft wood often used for paper pulp.
b. Any of various similar or related trees.
c. The wood of any of these trees.
2. A grayish green to dark greenish black.

[Short for obsolete Spruce fir, Prussian fir, from Middle English Spruce, Prussia, alteration of Pruce from Anglo-Norman Pruz, from Medieval Latin Prussia.]

spruce 2

 (spro͞os)
adj. spruc·er, spruc·est
Neat, trim, and smart in appearance: "a good-looking man; spruce and dapper, and very tidy" (Anthony Trollope).
v. spruced, spruc·ing, spruc·es
v.tr.
To make neat and trim: spruced up the chairs with new slipcovers.
v.intr.
To make oneself neat and smart in appearance: He was sprucing for the school dance.

[Perhaps from obsolete spruce leather, Prussian leather, from Middle English Spruce, Prussia; see spruce1.]

spruce′ly adv.
spruce′ness n.

spruce

(spruːs)
n
1. (Plants) any coniferous tree of the N temperate genus Picea, cultivated for timber and for ornament: family Pinaceae. They grow in a pyramidal shape and have needle-like leaves and light-coloured wood. See also Norway spruce, blue spruce, white spruce, black spruce
2. (Forestry) the wood of any of these trees
[C17: short for Spruce fir, from C14 Spruce Prussia, changed from Pruce, via Old French from Latin Prussia]

spruce

(spruːs)
adj
neat, smart, and trim
[C16: perhaps from Spruce leather a fashionable leather imported from Prussia; see spruce1]
ˈsprucely adv
ˈspruceness n

spruce1

(sprus)

n.
1. any evergreen, coniferous tree of the genus Picea, of the pine family, having short angular needle-shaped leaves attached singly around twigs.
2. any of various allied trees, as the Douglas fir.
3. the wood of any such tree.
[1350–1400; variant of Pruce < Old French Pruce < Medieval Latin Prussia Prussia]

spruce2

(sprus)

adj. spruc•er, spruc•est, adj.
1. trim in dress or appearance; neat.
v.t.
2. to make spruce (often fol. by up).
v.i.
3. to make oneself spruce (usu. fol. by up).
[1580–90; perhaps <spruce leather, i.e., leather imported from Prussia (see spruce1)]
spruce′ly, adv.
spruce′ness, n.
spruc′y, adj. spruc•i•er, spruc•i•est.

spruce

(spro͞os)
Any of various evergreen trees or shrubs that have short, four-sided needles and hanging or drooping cones. Spruces are found chiefly in cooler temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere.
pine, fir, spruce - Pine, fir, and spruce are quite different from each other, though they are all conifers; pine has clusters of long, needle-shaped leaves, spruce is a type of fir, and the only scientific difference between the two is that spruces have rectangular needles while firs have flat, needle-shaped leaves.
See also related terms for pine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spruce - light soft moderately strong wood of spruce treesspruce - light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork
spruce - any coniferous tree of the genus Picea
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
2.spruce - any coniferous tree of the genus Picea
genus Picea, Picea - a genus of temperate and Arctic evergreen trees (see spruce)
spruce - light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork
Norway spruce, Picea abies - tall pyramidal spruce native to northern Europe having dark green foliage on spreading branches with pendulous branchlets and long pendulous cones
Brewer's spruce, Picea breweriana, weeping spruce - medium-sized spruce of California and Oregon having pendulous branches
Engelmann spruce, Engelmann's spruce, Picea engelmannii - tall spruce of Rocky Mountains and British Columbia with blue-green needles and acutely conic crown; wood used for rough lumber and boxes
Picea glauca, white spruce - medium-sized spruce of northeastern North America having short blue-green leaves and slender cones
black spruce, Picea mariana, spruce pine - small spruce of boggy areas of northeastern North America having spreading branches with dense foliage; inferior wood
Picea obovata, Siberian spruce - tall spruce of northern Europe and Asia; resembles Norway spruce
Picea sitchensis, Sitka spruce - a large spruce that grows only along the northwestern coast of the United States and Canada; has sharp stiff needles and thin bark; the wood has a high ratio of strength to weight
oriental spruce, Picea orientalis - evergreen tree of the Caucasus and Asia Minor used as an ornamental having pendulous branchlets
Colorado blue spruce, Colorado spruce, Picea pungens, silver spruce - tall spruce with blue-green needles and dense conic crown; older trees become columnar with lower branches sweeping downward
eastern spruce, Picea rubens, red spruce, yellow spruce - medium-sized spruce of eastern North America; chief lumber spruce of the area; source of pulpwood
conifer, coniferous tree - any gymnospermous tree or shrub bearing cones
Verb1.spruce - make neat, smart, or trim; "Spruce up your house for Spring"; "titivate the child"
beautify, fancify, prettify, embellish - make more beautiful
2.spruce - dress and groom with particular care, as for a special occasion; "He spruced up for the party"
neaten, groom - care for one's external appearance; "He is always well-groomed"
Adj.1.spruce - marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners; "a dapper young man"; "a jaunty red hat"
fashionable, stylish - being or in accordance with current social fashions; "fashionable clothing"; "the fashionable side of town"; "a fashionable cafe"

spruce

adjective smart, trim, neat, elegant, dainty, dapper, natty (informal), well-groomed, well turned out, trig (archaic or dialect), as if you had just stepped out of a bandbox, soigné or soignée Chris was looking spruce in his black shirt.
messy, untidy, dishevelled, rumpled, bedraggled, unkempt, uncombed, frowsy, disarrayed

spruce

adjective
In good order or clean condition:
Chiefly British: tight.
verb
1. To improve in appearance, especially by refurbishing.Also used with up:
2. To make or keep (an area) clean and orderly.Also used with up:
clean (up), clear (up), neaten (up), police, straighten (up), tidy (up).
3. To make neat and trim; make presentable.Also used with up:
clean (up), freshen (up), groom, neaten (up), slick up, tidy (up), trig (out), trim.
Translations
أنيق ومُرَتَّبتَنّوب: شَجَرَة من الصُّنوبَرِيّات
smrkelegantní
fiksgrantræ
kuusk
kuusityylikäs
smreka
snyrtilegur, fínn
egleuzposies
molid
smrek
smreka
köknarşık ve zarif

spruce

1 [spruːs] N (Bot) → pícea f

spruce

2 [spruːs] ADJ (= neat) → pulcro
spruce up VT + ADVarreglar
to spruce o.s. uparreglarse
all spruced upmuy acicalado

spruce

[ˈspruːs]
n
(= tree) → épicéa m
(= wood) → épicéa m
adj (= smart) [person] → pimpant(e)
spruce up
vt sep (= smarten up) [+ room, building] → donner un coup de neuf à
to spruce o.s. up → se faire beau(belle)

spruce

1
n (also spruce fir)Fichte f

spruce

2
adj (+er) personproper, gepflegt; men’s clothesflott, schmuck (dated); women, children, women’s clothes, appearanceadrett; buildingschmuck; lawn, flower bedsgepflegt; he was looking very spruceer sah geschniegelt und gebügelt aus

spruce

1 [spruːs] n (Bot) → abete m
Norway spruce → abete norvegese or rosso

spruce

2 [spruːs] adj (outfit) → elegante; (lawn) → curato/a; (person) → azzimato/a
spruce up vt + adv (tidy) → mettere in ordine; (smarten up, room) → abbellire
to spruce o.s. up → farsi bello/a
all spruced up → tutto/a azzimato/a or agghindato/a

spruce1

(spruːs) adjective
neat and smart. You're looking very spruce today.

spruce2

(spruːs) noun
a tree with leaves like needles that grows in northern regions.
spruce up
to make oneself or somebody else smarter. I'll go and spruce up before going out.