sprue(redirected from sprue former)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to sprue former: tropical sprue
A chronic, chiefly tropical disease characterized by diarrhea, emaciation, and anemia, caused by defective absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.
[Dutch spruw, from Middle Dutch sprouwe.]
1. The hole through which molten material is channeled into a mold.
2. The waste material filling or protruding from this hole after hardening.
3. The usually plastic rod or framework that secures molded objects, such as model parts or game pieces, before their first use.
[Perhaps of Scots origin.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Metallurgy) a vertical channel in a mould through which plastic or molten metal is introduced or out of which it flows when the mould is filled
2. (Metallurgy) plastic or metal that solidifies in a sprue
[C19: of unknown origin]
(Pathology) a chronic disease, esp of tropical climates, characterized by flatulence, diarrhoea, frothy foul-smelling stools, and emaciation
[C19: from Dutch spruw; related to Middle Low German sprüwe tumour]
(Cookery) dialect East London an inferior type of asparagus
[C19: of unknown origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
a. an opening through which molten metal is poured into a mold.
b. the waste metal left in this opening after casting.
[1820–30; orig. uncertain]
a chronic tropical disease of intestinal malabsorption characterized by ulceration, diarrhea, and a smooth tongue.
[1815–25; < Dutch spruw, c. Middle Low German sprūwe tumor]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||sprue - a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed; symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
n. esprue, enfermedad digestiva crónica caracterizada por la inhabilidad de absorber alimentos que contienen gluten.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
spruen esprue m; nontropical o celiac — enfermedad celíaca or celiaca, celiaquía, esprue celíaco; tropical — esprue tropical
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.