spurious correlation


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spurious correlation - a correlation between two variables (e.g., between the number of electric motors in the home and grades at school) that does not result from any direct relation between them (buying electric motors will not raise grades) but from their relation to other variables
statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
correlational statistics, correlation - a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other
References in periodicals archive ?
People generate long litanies of sensitivities, piling one spurious correlation on another.
The article asserts a spurious correlation, in my view, between veteran unemployment and a rise in the number of veterans who file for VA (Department of Veterans Affairs) disability compensation," Gillums says.
Marmol (1998) suggested that spurious correlation generally occurs in regressions including fractionally integrated processes.
Additionally, if manufacturing firms cluster among a few states with deteriorating fiscal conditions, a spurious correlation may arise.
The author uses several equations and reduces the number of parameters to obtain t-values that are at least free of spurious correlation, but suffer from multicollinearity, because of the many interrelated variables used (ten in the original formulation).
In recent research I show that the correlation between carbon emissions and global temperature is yet another example of spurious correlation.
Of course, I draw no such conclusion, as I recognise that such spurious correlation is both alarmist and dangerous.
His results suggest that the spatial correlation between teachers' residences, students' residences, and schools could lead to spurious correlation between student attributes and teacher characteristics.
finding appears to be a clear example of a spurious correlation (otherwise known as illusory correlation or the "lurking variable"), a situation in which two otherwise unrelated variables are correlated because each is related to a third unmeasured variable.
The relationship may be merely a spurious correlation or a coincidence.
If firms are minimizing land and political costs by siting in areas with low incomes and high unemployment rates, this would create a spurious correlation between site locations and minorities.