spur

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spur

 (spûr)
n.
1. A short spike or spiked wheel that attaches to the heel of a rider's boot and is used to urge a horse forward.
2. An incentive: a spur to action.
3. A spurlike attachment or projection, as:
a. A spinelike process on the leg of some birds.
b. A climbing iron; a crampon.
c. A gaff attached to the leg of a gamecock.
d. A short or stunted branch of a tree.
e. A bony outgrowth or protuberance.
4. A lateral ridge projecting from a mountain or mountain range.
5. An oblique reinforcing prop or stay of timber or masonry.
6. Botany A tubular or saclike extension of the corolla or calyx of a flower, as in a columbine or larkspur.
7. An ergot growing on rye.
8. A spur track.
v. spurred, spur·ring, spurs
v.tr.
1. To urge (a horse) on by the use of spurs.
2. To incite or stimulate: "A business tax cut is needed to spur industrial investment" (New York Times).
v.intr.
To ride quickly by spurring a horse.

[Middle English spure, from Old English spura; see sperə- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

spur

(spɜː)
n
1. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) a pointed device or sharp spiked wheel fixed to the heel of a rider's boot to enable him to urge his horse on
2. anything serving to urge or encourage: the increase in salary was a spur to their production.
3. (Zoology) a sharp horny projection from the leg just above the claws in male birds, such as the domestic cock
4. (Zoology) a pointed process in any of various animals; calcar
5. (Botany) a tubular extension at the base of the corolla in flowers such as larkspur
6. (Botany) a short or stunted branch of a tree
7. (Physical Geography) a ridge projecting laterally from a mountain or mountain range
8. (Building) a wooden prop or a masonry reinforcing pier
9. (Civil Engineering) another name for groyne
10. (Railways) Also called: spur track a railway branch line or siding
11. (Automotive Engineering) a short side road leading off a main road: a motorway spur.
12. (Individual Sports, other than specified) a sharp cutting instrument attached to the leg of a gamecock
13. on the spur of the moment on impulse
14. (Historical Terms) history to earn knighthood
15. to prove one's ability; gain distinction
vb, spurs, spurring or spurred
16. (tr) to goad or urge with or as if with spurs
17. (intr) to go or ride quickly; press on
18. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) (tr) to injure or strike with a spur
19. (Individual Sports, other than specified) (tr) to injure or strike with a spur
20. (tr) to provide with a spur or spurs
[Old English spura; related to Old Norse spori, Old High German sporo]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

spur

(spɜr)

n., v. spurred, spur•ring. n.
1. a U-shaped device fitted with a pointed projection, secured to the heel of a boot, and used by a rider to urge a horse forward.
2. something that goads to action.
4. a stiff, usu. sharp, horny process on the leg of various birds, esp. the domestic rooster, or on the bend of the wing, as in jacanas and screamers.
5. an abnormal bony growth or projection.
6. a gaff fastened to the leg of a gamecock.
7. a ridge or line of elevation projecting from or subordinate to the main body of a mountain or mountain range.
8. a short or stunted branch or shoot, as of a tree.
9.
a. a slender, usu. hollow projection from some part of a flower.
b. a short shoot bearing flowers.
10. Archit.
a. a short wooden brace for strengthening a post or other part.
b. any offset from a wall, as a buttress.
11. a short branch track leading from the main track.
v.t.
12. to prick with or as if with a spur or spurs; incite or urge on.
13. to furnish with spurs or a spur.
v.i.
14. to goad or urge one's horse with spurs.
15. to proceed hurriedly; press forward.
Idioms:
1. on the spur of the moment, impulsively; suddenly.
2. win one's spurs, to achieve distinction or success for the first time.
[before 900; Old English spura, c. Old Saxon, Old High German sporo, Old Norse spori spur; akin to spurn]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

spur


Past participle: spurred
Gerund: spurring

Imperative
spur
spur
Present
I spur
you spur
he/she/it spurs
we spur
you spur
they spur
Preterite
I spurred
you spurred
he/she/it spurred
we spurred
you spurred
they spurred
Present Continuous
I am spurring
you are spurring
he/she/it is spurring
we are spurring
you are spurring
they are spurring
Present Perfect
I have spurred
you have spurred
he/she/it has spurred
we have spurred
you have spurred
they have spurred
Past Continuous
I was spurring
you were spurring
he/she/it was spurring
we were spurring
you were spurring
they were spurring
Past Perfect
I had spurred
you had spurred
he/she/it had spurred
we had spurred
you had spurred
they had spurred
Future
I will spur
you will spur
he/she/it will spur
we will spur
you will spur
they will spur
Future Perfect
I will have spurred
you will have spurred
he/she/it will have spurred
we will have spurred
you will have spurred
they will have spurred
Future Continuous
I will be spurring
you will be spurring
he/she/it will be spurring
we will be spurring
you will be spurring
they will be spurring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been spurring
you have been spurring
he/she/it has been spurring
we have been spurring
you have been spurring
they have been spurring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been spurring
you will have been spurring
he/she/it will have been spurring
we will have been spurring
you will have been spurring
they will have been spurring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been spurring
you had been spurring
he/she/it had been spurring
we had been spurring
you had been spurring
they had been spurring
Conditional
I would spur
you would spur
he/she/it would spur
we would spur
you would spur
they would spur
Past Conditional
I would have spurred
you would have spurred
he/she/it would have spurred
we would have spurred
you would have spurred
they would have spurred
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

spur

A short stubby branch on fruit trees that produces flowers and subsequently fruit.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spur - a verbalization that encourages you to attempt somethingspur - a verbalization that encourages you to attempt something; "the ceaseless prodding got on his nerves"
encouragement - the expression of approval and support
2.spur - any sharply pointed projection
projection - any solid convex shape that juts out from something
3.spur - tubular extension at the base of the corolla in some flowers
plant process, enation - a natural projection or outgrowth from a plant body or organ
4.spur - a sharp prod fixed to a rider's heel and used to urge a horse onward; "cowboys know not to squat with their spurs on"
boot - footwear that covers the whole foot and lower leg
goad, prod - a pointed instrument that is used to prod into a state of motion
rowel - a small spiked wheel at the end of a spur
5.spur - a railway line connected to a trunk line
rail line, railway line, line - the road consisting of railroad track and roadbed
loop-line - a railway branch line that branches from the trunk line and then rejoins it later on
Verb1.spur - incite or stimulate; "The Academy was formed to spur research"
encourage, promote, further, boost, advance - contribute to the progress or growth of; "I am promoting the use of computers in the classroom"
2.spur - give heart or courage to
encourage - inspire with confidence; give hope or courage to
3.spur - strike with a spur
strike - deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon; "The teacher struck the child"; "the opponent refused to strike"; "The boxer struck the attacker dead"
4.spur - goad with spurs; "the rider spurred his horse"
goad - urge with or as if with a goad
5.spur - equip with spurs; "spur horses"
equip, fit out, outfit, fit - provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose; "The expedition was equipped with proper clothing, food, and other necessities"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

spur

verb
1. incite, drive, prompt, press, urge, stimulate, animate, prod, prick, goad, impel His friend's plight had spurred him into taking part.
noun
1. stimulus, incentive, impetus, motive, impulse, inducement, incitement, kick up the backside (informal) Redundancy is the spur for many to embark on new careers.
2. projection, spike, protuberance, protrusion An X-ray might show a small spur of bone at the site of your pain.
on the spur of the moment on impulse, without thinking, impulsively, on the spot, impromptu, unthinkingly, without planning, impetuously, unpremeditatedly They admitted they had taken a vehicle on the spur of the moment.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

spur

noun
Something that causes and encourages a given response:
verb
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
حافِزمِهْماز
ostruhabič
incitamentspore
kannuskannustaakannustinyllyttää
ösztökéléssarkantyú
hvati, örvunspori
paragintipentinas
pamudinājumspiesis
ostroha
ostroga
mahmuzteşvik edici şey

spur

[spɜːʳ]
A. N
1. (for horse riding) → espuela f
to win one's spurspasar pruebas
2. [of cock] → espolón m
3. (fig) → estímulo m, aguijón m
the spur of hungerel aguijón del hambre
it will be a spur to further progressservirá de estímulo or acicate al progreso
on the spur of the momentsin pensar
it was a spur of the moment decisionfue una decisión tomada al instante
4. (Geog) [of mountain, hill] → espolón m
5. (Rail) → ramal m corto
B. VT (also spur on) [+ horse] → espolear, picar con las espuelas (fig) to spur sb (on) to do sthincitar a algn a hacer algo
this spurred him on to greater effortsesto lo animó a hacer mayores esfuerzos
spurred on by greedbajo el aguijón de la codicia
C. CPD spur gear Nrueda f dentada recta
spur wheel Nengranaje m cilíndrico
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

spur

[ˈspɜːr]
n
(on boot)éperon m
to win one's spurs, to earn one's spurs (fig)faire ses preuves
(= stimulus) → aiguillon m
(on hill, mountain)éperon m
on the spur of the moment (= on impulse) → sous l'impulsion du moment
vt
[+ horse] → éperonner
(= encourage) to spur sb to do sth → inciter qn à faire qch, pousser qn à faire qch
spur on
vt sep (= encourage) → aiguillonner
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

spur

n
Sporn m; (fig)Ansporn m, → Antrieb m(to für); he urged the horse on with his spurser gab dem Pferd die Sporen; to win or earn one’s spurs (fig)sich (dat)die Sporen verdienen; this might act as a spur to the playersdas könnte ein Ansporn für die Spieler sein; this was a new spur to his ambitiondas gab seinem Ehrgeiz neuen Antrieb or Ansporn
on the spur of the momentganz spontan; a spur-of-the-moment decisionein spontaner Entschluss
(Geog) → Vorsprung m
(Zool) → Sporn m
(Rail) → Nebengleis nt, → Rangiergleis nt
vt
horsedie Sporen geben (+dat)
(= urge on: also spur on) → (vorwärts)treiben, vorantreiben; (fig)anspornen; spurred (on) by greed/ambitionvon Habgier/vom Ehrgeiz getrieben
vi (also spur on)galoppieren, sprengen (dated)

spur

:
spur track
n (Rail) → Nebengleis nt, → Rangiergleis nt
spur wheel
nStirnrad nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

spur

[spɜːʳ]
1. n (also) (Geog) → sperone m (fig) → sprone m
on the spur of the moment → su due piedi, d'impulso
2. vt (also spur on) (horse) (fig) → spronare
to spur sb on to do sth → spronare qn a fare qc
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

spur

(spəː) noun
1. a small instrument with a sharp point or points that a rider wears on his heels and digs into the horse's sides to make it go faster.
2. anything that urges a person to make greater efforts. He was driven on by the spur of ambition.
on the spur of the moment
suddenly; without previous planning. We decided to go to Paris on the spur of the moment.
spur on
to urge a horse to go faster, using spurs, or a person to make greater efforts. He spurred his horse on; The thought of the prize spurred her on.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

spur

n. espolón, protuberancia esp. de un hueso;
calcaneal ______ calcáneo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

spur

n (ortho) espolón m; bone — espolón óseo; calcaneal — (form), heel — espolón calcáneo (form), espolón en el talón
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The heavy black horse, sixteen hands high, shied, throwing back its ears; but the pockmarked Guardsman drove his huge spurs in violently, and the horse, flourishing its tail and extending its neck, galloped on yet faster.
The trumpets sounded as he spoke the spears of the champions were at once lowered and placed in the rests the spurs were dashed into the flanks of the horses, and the two foremost ranks of either party rushed upon each other in full gallop, and met in the middle of the lists with a shock, the sound of which was heard at a mile's distance.
He thus addressed put spurs to his horse, and rode at a rapid gallop after the outlaw's troop.
Indeed this caution of the boy was needless; for Jones, notwithstanding his hurry and impatience, would have ordered this of himself; for he by no means agreed with the opinion of those who consider animals as mere machines, and when they bury their spurs in the belly of their horse, imagine the spur and the horse to have an equal capacity of feeling pain.
They will say that I am growing old, - they will say I have received a million to allow Fouquet to escape!" And he again dug his spurs into the sides of his horse: he had ridden astonishingly fast.
Aylward, you are a trusty soldier, for all that your shoulder has never felt accolade, nor your heels worn the gold spurs. Do you take charge of the right; I will hold the centre, and you, my Lord of Angus, the left."
D'Artagnan, freely applying his spurs, was in advance of Porthos two feet at the most; Musqueton followed two lengths behind; the guards were scattered according to the varying excellence of their respective mounts.
The man lay flat upon his pony's back hugging the animal's neck tightly with both arms and digging the spurs into his sides.
For these feats of horsemanship two things are necessary: a most severe bit, like the Mameluke, the power of which, though seldom used, the horse knows full well; and large blunt spurs, that can be applied either as a mere touch, or as an instrument of extreme pain.
"I wonder if he's used to spurs. No English saddle, mind.
The half a dozen cabins scattered along the banks of the North Fork, as if by some overflow of that capricious river, had become augmented during a week of fierce excitement by twenty or thirty others, that were huddled together on the narrow gorge of Devil's Spur, or cast up on its steep sides.
"I have now got you under bit and spur, and prefer to keep you as you are at present."