sputum smear


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Related to sputum smear: Sputum culture
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Noun1.sputum smear - any of several cytologic smears obtained from different parts of the lower respiratory tract; used for cytologic study of cancer and other diseases of the lungs
cytologic smear, cytosmear, smear - a thin tissue or blood sample spread on a glass slide and stained for cytologic examination and diagnosis under a microscope
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References in periodicals archive ?
(14) Tuberculosis can be classified diagnostically based on anatomical locations and pretreatment acid-fast bacilli (AFB) sputum smear status.
In a second occasion, the patients were requested to return to the health unit 24 h after the directly observed dose and before the next dose for blood sampling and sputum smear for microscopy on days 31, 61 and 91.
KEYWORDS: Pulmonary Tuberculosis; Bronchoscopy; Sputum Smear; Bronchial Washing.
According to JICA, the technology requires minimal laboratory infrastructure and has been evaluated as an alternative to sputum smear microscopy, still the most widespread test in use in resource-limited settings.
However, older age (p=0.014), outcome of FLD treatment (p<0.001), and higher bacterial load on sputum smear grading at baseline (p=0.028) were significantly positively associated with poor treatment outcome.
The data show that among the 10 patients with MAC infection, four experienced a consistent sputum smear conversion to negative by week 24, and three experienced a negative sputum culture at weeks 16 and 20, with culture results pending for the week 24 timepoint.
For patients with minimal disease defined by <2+ sputum smear grade or noncavitary disease, four-month regimens were noninferior.
Despite the recent development of more sensitive technologies, most of the developing countries still continue to rely on sputum smear microscopy which is an uncomplicated, economical and accessible tool for pulmonary TB diagnosis and monitoring treatment in positive cases (5).
All of the sputum smear and culture were negative for acid fast bacilli (AFB) as shown in Table II but three were found positive by PCR as shown in Table III.
The most common method for diagnosing TB worldwide remains sputum smear microscopy.
Although the sputum smear test is not capable of identifying 50% of TB patients, it still remains the most useful test to detect TB.
This is a cross-sectional study which intends to compare the nutritional status between sputum smear positive and sputum smear negative newly diagnosed cases of PTB.