sputum

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spu·tum

 (spyo͞o′təm)
n. pl. spu·ta (-tə)
Matter coughed up and usually ejected from the mouth, including saliva, foreign material, and substances such as mucus or phlegm, from the respiratory tract.

[Latin spūtum, from neuter past participle of spuere, to spit.]

sputum

(ˈspjuːtəm)
n, pl -ta (-tə)
1. (Physiology) a mass of salivary matter ejected from the mouth
2. (Physiology) saliva ejected from the mouth mixed with mucus or pus exuded from the respiratory passages, as in bronchitis or bronchiectasis
[C17: from Latin: spittle, from spuere to spit out]

spu•tum

(ˈspyu təm)

n., pl. -ta (-tə).
matter, as saliva mixed with mucus or pus, expectorated from the lungs and respiratory passages.
[1685–95; < Latin spūtum, derivative of spūtus, past participle of spuere to spit]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sputum - expectorated matter; saliva mixed with discharges from the respiratory passages; in ancient and medieval physiology it was believed to cause sluggishness
mucous secretion, mucus - protective secretion of the mucus membranes; in the gut it lubricates the passage of food and protects the epithelial cells; in the nose and throat and lungs it can make it difficult for bacteria to penetrate the body through the epithelium
Translations
plwocina

sputum

[ˈspjuːtəm] N (sputa (pl)) → esputo m

sputum

n (Med) → Auswurf m, → Sputum nt (spec)

spu·tum

n. esputo, flema;
bloody ______ sanguinolento.

sputum

n esputo, flema
References in periodicals archive ?
Nine of these 16 cases were unable to produce a sputum specimen and therefore cultures were not done.
An adequate, expectorated sputum specimen should contain many neutrophils and few or no squamous epithelial cells.
The system delivers the sputum specimen precapped to the lab already in the processing tube, ready for digestion, decontamination, and centrifugation.
Figure 3 describes a modification of the procedure[5] that can be adopted for reporting AFB smears before referring a sputum specimen to an outside lab or for pooling such specimens.
After 5 days, he was readmitted with worsening cough; second-line anti-TB medications were instituted when his sputum specimen results were reported 8 weeks later as being phenotypically resistant to rifampin, isoniazid, and streptomycin.
Bacterial culture of the suctioned sputum specimen yielded C.
Shortly thereafter, a line probe assay (GenoType MTBDRplus; HAIN Lifescience, Nehren, Germany) performed by Southeastern National TB Center (Gainesville, FL, USA) on the culture of the sputum specimen obtained at admission indicated an inhA point mutation but no mutation in the RRDR region of the rpoB gene, which suggested that the isolate was INH resistant but RIF susceptible.
Sputum specimen volumes received from children for Xpert testing are shown in Table 1.
In this study, which used microbiological cultures as the gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay on a single induced sputum specimen were 58.
A smear positive patient was defined as a patient with at least 2 initial sputum smear examinations (direct smear microscopy) positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) or a patient with one sputum examination positive for AFB and radiographic abnormalities consistent with active pulmonary TB as determined by the treating Medical Officer (MO) or a patient with one sputum specimen positive for AFB and culture positive for M.
An early morning sputum specimen was sent for TB assessment and all samples were negative for acid-fast bacilli.