The tribe can be diagnosed by seven putative synapomorphies (Voss and Carleton, 1993; Steppan, 1995; Weksler, 2006; Weksler et al., 2006): presence of long palate with prominent posterolateral pits, absence of alisphenoid strut, absence of posterior suspensory process of the squamosal
attached to tegmen tympani, absence of gall bladder, 12 thoracic vertebrae, absence of hemal arches on first caudal vertebrae, and fewer than 36 caudal vertebrae; the last two synapomorphies are reversed in several oryzomyine taxa.
The exclusion criteria were squamosal
variety of chronic otitis media, sensorineural hearing loss and patients less than 15yrs.
The petrosal is exposed on the lateral surface of the posterior braincase through a fenestra between the squamosal
and parietal bones.
The patient in the above mentioned case depicted a picture of Mastoid abscess probably as a result of Chronic otitis media, squamosal
Temporals crossed by two longitudinal ridges, one continuous with the supraorbital ridges and the other bounding the squamosal
and continuous with the posterior zygomatic root.
Perforation with preexisting or congenital hearing loss, patients with sensory-neural hearing loss, patients with traumatic perforation and residual perforation in acute otitis media and patients with squamosal
disease were excluded from our study.
and quadrate are massivelly-built bones (Figures 3, 4A and B).
1 - 5) is limited lateral ventrally with the squamosal
region through the superior temporal crest (CTS -Figures.
* Fracture F is a diastatic fracture that follows the squamosal
and sphenoparietal sutures of the left temporal and is more visible on the endocranial surface (Figure 3).
5 Atis (fruit of Annona squamosal
) is a native of the tropical Americas and West Indies.
3H), and a squamosal
root posteriorly linked with the hamular process of the squamosal
by a continuous ridge (Fig.
4) borders the squamosal
region lateroventrally at the inconspicuous superior temporal crest (Crista temporalis - CrTS) (Fig.