# square matrix

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Related to square matrix: Row matrix

## square matrix

*n.*

*Mathematics*

A matrix with equal numbers of rows and columns.

## square matrix

*n*

(Mathematics)

*maths*a matrix in which the number of rows is equal to the number of columns## square′ ma′trix

*n.*

a mathematical matrix in which the number of rows is equal to the number of columns.

[1930–35]

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Noun | 1. | square matrix - a matrix with the same number of rows and columnsmatrix - (mathematics) a rectangular array of quantities or expressions set out by rows and columns; treated as a single element and manipulated according to rules diagonal - (mathematics) a set of entries in a square matrix running diagonally either from the upper left to lower right entry or running from the upper right to lower left entry diagonal matrix - a square matrix with all elements not on the main diagonal equal to zero determinant - a square matrix used to solve simultaneous equations Latin square - a square matrix of n rows and columns; cells contain n different symbols so arranged that no symbol occurs more than once in any row or column magic square - a square matrix of n rows and columns; the first n^2 integers are arranged in the cells of the matrix in such a way that the sum of any row or column or diagonal is the same nonsingular matrix - a square matrix whose determinant is not zero singular matrix - a square matrix whose determinant is zero |

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