Sir Henry Parkes became Premier of New South Wales on four occasions and was instrumental in preventing the Squattocracy
, who occupied large tracts of Crown land in order to graze livestock, from turning the upper House of Parliament (New South Wales) into a replica of Britain's unelected Lords chamber.
In fact, the term 'squattocracy
' is often used to describe them" (Elliott 2011: 23).
Where once upon a time the centralised industrial relations system, the power of unions, and the Labor Party were the instruments of rent transfer to lower and middle classes through high wages and full employment in the post-war decades, in recent times the erosion of unions, destruction of the IR system, and the rise of the new squattocracy
(mining corporations) has exacerbated inequality of power and income.
), and city shopkeepers of a much
As Kinsella writes, "The displacement and relocation of class conflict led by the squattocracy
and selectors of the early to mid-nineteenth century meant a disruption of the pastoral 'high' and 'low' dramatizations" (136).
By 1869, however, land was more freely available and the power and influence of the squattocracy
This late nineteenth and early twentieth century version of the Southern plantation, where slaves worked happily for white masters, meshed more closely with Australia's sense of "racial hierarchy." In Australia, squatters were large landholders and, like the large plantation owners of the Old South, a kind of aristocracy, referred to as the squattocracy
. In contrast to Western folklore and film, in which the pioneer wagon train and the isolated homestead were often under attack from marauding Native Americans, the Australian myth of peaceful settlement precluded the notion of a violent frontier and the image of the Southern plantation resonated in Australian films in a way that the Western frontier did not.
Unfortunately, this lack of personal insight dooms Armytage to being simply carried along by the brief history of what Burke calls the Australian 'squattocracy
' and the simple retelling of the tale of the BAE, rather than being an independent, central figure who can legitimately be focused upon.
In countries where land had come into private ownership without purchase payments being made to government--for example, by conquest, by government grants, or by the application of the alleged right of first arrival, or by simply settling on land without permission and without any government reaction, such as in the case of some of the early European settlers in Australia who became known as 'squatters' and later as the 'squattocracy
'--the compensation question does not arise.
is gone--what we have are blue collar workers.
In Melbourne the appreciation of the country houses of England signalled how after Federation the Victorian squattocracy
and the Melbourne middle class, to assume 'an upper class ease', embraced English models and precedents.
in order that we can function as a group, as a squattocracy
, as a community" (Episode 8).