stained


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stain

 (stān)
v. stained, stain·ing, stains
v.tr.
1. To discolor, soil, or spot: The spilled juice stained the carpet.
2. To bring into disrepute; taint or tarnish: The scandal stained the mayor's reputation.
3. To change the color of (a piece of wood, for example) by applying a stain.
4. To treat (a specimen for the microscope) with a reagent or dye in order to identify cell or tissue structures or microorganisms.
v.intr.
To produce or receive discolorations: upholstery that stains easily.
n.
1. A discolored or soiled spot or smudge: a stain that was difficult to scrub out.
2. A diminishment of one's moral character or good reputation by being associated with something disgraceful.
3. A liquid substance applied especially to wood that penetrates the surface and imparts a rich color.
4. A reagent or dye used for staining microscopic specimens.

[Middle English steinen, partly from Old French desteindre, desteign-, to deprive of color (des-, dis- + teindre, to dye, from Latin tingere), and partly from Old Norse steina, to paint.]

stain′a·ble adj.
stain′er n.
Synonyms: stain, blot1, brand, stigma, taint
These nouns denote a mark of discredit or disgrace, as on one's good name: a stain on his honor; a blot on an otherwise clean police record; the brand of cowardice; the stigma of ignominious defeat; the taint of political corruption.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.stained - marked or dyed or discolored with foreign matter; "a badly stained tablecloth"; "tear-stained cheeks"
unstained - not stained; "An apron keeps his clothing unstained"
2.stained - having a coating of stain or varnishstained - having a coating of stain or varnish
painted - coated with paint; "freshly painted lawn furniture"
Translations

stained

[ˈsteɪnd] adj (= dirty) → taché(e)
to be stained with sth → être taché(e) de qchstained glass n
(= substance) → verre m coloré
(= windows collectively) → vitraux mplstained-glass window nvitrail mstainless steel [ˌsteɪnləsˈstiːl]
nacier m inoxydable
adjen acier inoxydablestain remover ndétachant m

stained

adj fingers, teethgefärbt; clothes, floorfleckig, befleckt (geh); glassbunt, bemalt; reputationbefleckt; stained-glass windowBuntglasfenster nt, → farbiges Glasfenster; stained with bloodblutbefleckt; the white shirt was stained crimson with blooddas weiße Hemd hatte dunkelrote Blutflecken
References in classic literature ?
The discovery of the stained dress may lead the way to finding it.
At the same time, their boxes must be searched again--for this plain reason, that the first investigation only looked for the Diamond, and that the second investigation must look for the stained dress.
Rachel now wanting to follow their lead, before we-called the servants together, and began the search for the stained dress.
The stained article of dress may be an article of linen.
The wine was red wine, and had stained the ground of the narrow street in the suburb of Saint Antoine, in Paris, where it was spilled.
The joker rapped it with his own, took a nimble spring upward, and came down in a fantastic dancing attitude, with one of his stained shoes jerked off his foot into his hand, and held out.
Among them stood a man whose white shirt was stained with blood.
She was pure, it was true, as he had never dreamed of purity; but cherries stained her lips.
We stood before a grating and looked through into a room which was hung all about with the clothing of dead men; coarse blouses, water- soaked; the delicate garments of women and children; patrician vestments, hacked and stabbed and stained with red; a hat that was crushed and bloody.
For this purpose, ``he stained his hair and his whole body entirely as black as jet, so that nothing was white but his teeth,'' and succeeded in imposing himself on the king, as an Ethiopian minstrel.
Apply to the stained area for 5 to 10 minutes, then launder as usual.
The semen straws were thawed at 37AdegC and stained using different protocols as followed: Protocol 1 (washing effect); washing either with normal saline (NS) or phosphate buffered saline (PBS), Protocol II (heating effect during incubation in tampon solution); smears were immersed in tampon either at room temperature or at 60AdegC, Protocol III (concentration of dye in staining solution); slides were stained with 1, 5, 200, 500, or 1000ug/mL solution.