stative

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stative verb

Stative verbs (also known as state verbs) are verbs that describe a static condition, situation, or state of being. They are contrasted with action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), which describe an active, dynamic action that can be performed by a person or thing.
Stative verbs can be in the present, past, or future tense; however, because they describe static conditions, they are usually unable to progress through time, and they therefore cannot be used when forming the continuous or progressive forms of verb tenses. For this reason, they are sometimes referred to as non-continuous or non-progressive verbs.
However, some stative verbs can be used in a continuous tense in certain situations, as when describing a temporary state that has begun and will end.
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sta·tive

 (stā′tĭv)
adj.
Belonging to or designating a class of verbs that express a state or condition.
n.
A verb of the stative class.

[Latin statīvus, stationary, from stāre, stat-, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

stative

(ˈsteɪtɪv) grammar
adj
(Grammar) denoting a verb describing a state rather than an activity, act, or event, such as know and want as opposed to leave and throw. Compare nonstative
n
(Grammar) a stative verb
[C19: from New Latin stativus, from Latin stāre to stand]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

sta•tive

(ˈsteɪ tɪv)

adj.
(of a verb) expressing a state or condition, as know, like, or belong, and not usu. used in progressive tenses. Compare nonstative.
[1870–75]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.stative - ( used of verbs (e.g. `be' or `own') and most participial adjectives) expressing existence or a state rather than an action
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
dynamic, active - (used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water')) expressing action rather than a state of being
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

stative

[ˈsteɪtɪv] ADJ (Gram) stative verbverbo m de estado
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The grammar begins with preliminaries of phonology and words and formatives, then covers nouns and their projections, verbs and statives, sentence structure, and complex structures.
These are followed by examinations of verbal forms such as infinitives, statives ("Pseudo-participles"), suffix conjugations, imperatives, negatives, and the like.
To determine the quality of the contexts for the target forms, we looked at the lexical aspect of the verbs used in the simple past contexts (statives, activities, and telics), and at the nouns collocated with the his/her PDs (inanimate/ abstract; animate kin-same; animate kin-different; body parts).
Here I make the distinction between dynamic predicates (processes or activities, and telic) and statives, the latter being incompatible with the -ndo morphology ('John is knowing Portuguese), while the former is denned in terms of whether or not energy is needed to maintain a given situation.
The hypothesis, which was formulated for example in Shirai's 1991 unpublished doctoral dissertation, and later further elaborated on by Salaberry and Shirai (2002), includes the following prediction, paraphrased by Bardovi-Harlig (1999: 359): 'Progressive markings are not incorrectly overextended to statives'.
Unlike pure statives, as in (6b), resultatives, as in (6a), allow adverbial modification (manner and others).
She summarizes the main linguistic features of each mode as follows: Modes of Discourse Situations Temporality Narrative Primarily specific Events Dynamic, located in time and States Report Primarily Events, States, Dynamic, located in time General Statives Description Primarily Events and States, Static, located in time and ongoing Events Information Primarily general Statives Atemporal Argument Primarily facts and Atemporal propositions, general Statives
(10.) For Tzeltal, in the current field dictionary of Tzeltal (Brown and Levinson n.d.), of 267 dispositional roots, 103 are classified as positional and 164 produce both dispositional statives and also--without overt derivation--transitives; cf.
Tbis negation, he tells us, applies to statives as opposed to agentives.
The classification of verbs into types is particularly helpful: statives, activities, and |performances' (this third group being subdivided into |accomplishments', |climaxes', and |punctuals').