stative

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stative verb

Stative verbs (also known as state verbs) are verbs that describe a static condition, situation, or state of being. They are contrasted with action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), which describe an active, dynamic action that can be performed by a person or thing.
Stative verbs can be in the present, past, or future tense; however, because they describe static conditions, they are usually unable to progress through time, and they therefore cannot be used when forming the continuous or progressive forms of verb tenses. For this reason, they are sometimes referred to as non-continuous or non-progressive verbs.
However, some stative verbs can be used in a continuous tense in certain situations, as when describing a temporary state that has begun and will end.
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sta·tive

 (stā′tĭv)
adj.
Belonging to or designating a class of verbs that express a state or condition.
n.
A verb of the stative class.

[Latin statīvus, stationary, from stāre, stat-, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

stative

(ˈsteɪtɪv) grammar
adj
(Grammar) denoting a verb describing a state rather than an activity, act, or event, such as know and want as opposed to leave and throw. Compare nonstative
n
(Grammar) a stative verb
[C19: from New Latin stativus, from Latin stāre to stand]

sta•tive

(ˈsteɪ tɪv)

adj.
(of a verb) expressing a state or condition, as know, like, or belong, and not usu. used in progressive tenses. Compare nonstative.
[1870–75]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.stative - ( used of verbs (e.g. `be' or `own') and most participial adjectives) expressing existence or a state rather than an action
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
dynamic, active - (used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water')) expressing action rather than a state of being
Translations

stative

[ˈsteɪtɪv] ADJ (Gram) stative verbverbo m de estado
References in periodicals archive ?
These are followed by examinations of verbal forms such as infinitives, statives ("Pseudo-participles"), suffix conjugations, imperatives, negatives, and the like.
The type results also show opportunities for students to use statives other than just be, further demonstrating the quality of the practice the oral interaction tasks provided.
This paper seeks to recognize the existence of two kinds of stative verbs--pure statives and bounded ones--according to the differentiated relationship each group has with evidentiality, which is described as the source of information transmitted by a semantic content in certain verbs.
Robinson's (1990) case study showed a high rate of progressives used with statives in the interlanguage he studied.
12) Proper continuous tense predications can be distinguished from varieties of idiomatic uses of statives (for example, "I am loving it").
Embick (2004: 363-364) goes on to claim that statives lack eventivity and are derived by the merge of the Aspect head to the root itself, without any verbal head.
Modes of Discourse Situations Temporality Narrative Primarily specific Events Dynamic, located in time and States Report Primarily Events, States, Dynamic, located in time General Statives Description Primarily Events and States, Static, located in time and ongoing Events Information Primarily general Statives Atemporal Argument Primarily facts and Atemporal propositions, general Statives
Despite the variation across speakers, Tzeltal consultants clearly preferred to use dispositional statives (in 54 to 75% of the scenes) rather than the existential predicate (13 to 20%), whereas Yucatec speakers preferred to use the existential predicate (in 20 to 65% of the scenes).
But stative expressions are definitely not as common with used to as nonstative ones, in contrast with the simple tenses, which allow statives, both stage-level (32) and individual-level (33), quite as readily as nonstatives, and in contrast with will, which does not allow statives at ali, unless we consider expressions for bounded states (as in 34) to be stative, as opposed to eventive.
Like unmarked action verbs, unmarked statives can refer to the past.
Tbis negation, he tells us, applies to statives as opposed to agentives.
The classification of verbs into types is particularly helpful: statives, activities, and |performances' (this third group being subdivided into |accomplishments', |climaxes', and |punctuals').