In Section 5 I will contend that the stem vowel
segment corresponds with a v feature that T must value, which will allow me to explain the movement of V-to-T from a theory-internal point of view.
Namely, in the Western literary language the narrative past is expressed by a privative derivative suffix -te/-Se- attached to the verbal stem and followed by a variant of the substantive verb 'to be' deprived of its first syllable (stem vowel
) e- (< u-) which we indicate here by , e.g.
The first person singular form was derived from the plural form by analogy, and probably influenced by the stem vowel
of the verb ser 'be' (Quintana 2006: 151-152).
In essence, I defend in this paper that V-to-T movement is a core syntax process and that the trigger of V-to-T lies in a specific type of morphological segment that is known in the traditional philological literature as stem vowel
or thematic vowel, and that is the segment mediating in the verbal forms of some languages between the root on the one hand, and [tau]-features and [phi]-features on the other.
The present analysis has not been able to detect traces of erstwhile plural or case suffixes in the form of stem vowel
modifications or tonal modification, two processes that are crucial for upholding such grammatical distinctions in Gawri (Baart 1999, 35-37).
Since Ndebele also has CV prefix fusion (Sibanda 2004), the correct generalization is that a stem vowel
must co-occur with an onset consonant.
(1) The factors determining the choice of the suffix variants are quite intricate: On the one hand, there are cases where not the stem vowel
, but the stem as a whole seems to carry the sound harmony information, as in is 'work', which is [+back] although the stem vowel
/i/ is ambiguous in this respect (hence suffixed forms like is'Zar, isga, et cetera).
(2.) Saito's objections to Guorun porhallsdouir's hypothesis (574-75) are not probative: the weakened stem vowel
in TA kakmu '(having) brought', tatmu 'born' ([left arrow] PT * kakamewe, * telemawe; TB kakamau, tetemu), etc., results from intraparadigmatic leveling (Kim 2007b: [section][section]6-11), and there is no basis for assuming a change of stressed /a/ to o in tark-[o.sub.u], obl.
82, "Past tense" within "Regular pi'el verbs," it is noted "3rd person feminine singular and plural ("stem vowel
deleted when stress moves to suffix").
In standard West Saxon, wraece (with long stem vowel
) might be any of the following: (1) second person singular, preterite indicative; (2) first person singular, preterite subjunctive; (3) second person singular, preterite subjunctive; and (4) third person singular, preterite subjunctive.
As was mentioned in Section 2, nouns with a stem-final vowel other than a/a always distinguish the partitive singular from other case forms (the partitive marker a/a forms a diphthong with the stem vowel
In West Semitic languages, such as Hebrew, the Piel and Hiphil do not have an initial stem vowel
and the underlying development is *y-qattil > *yqattil > *y[partial derivative]qattil in the Piel and *y-haqtil > *yhaqtil > yaqtil in the Hiphil; Izre'el 1991: 46.