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n. pl. stem·ma·ta (stĕm′ə-tə) or stem·mas
1. A scroll recording the genealogy of an ancient Roman family; a family tree.
2. A record or diagram showing the relationships of the manuscripts of a literary work.
3. A simple eye present in certain insect larvae.

[Latin stemma, stemmat-, from Greek, garland, from stephein, to encircle.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Heraldry) a family tree; pedigree
[C19: via Latin from Greek stemma garland, wreath, from stephein to crown, wreathe]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(oʊˈsɛl əs)

n., pl. o•cel•li (oʊˈsɛl aɪ)
1. the simple eye of many invertebrates, consisting of retinal cells, pigments, and nerve fibers.
2. an eyelike spot, as on a peacock feather.
[1810–20; < Latin: little eye, diminutive of oculus eye; see -elle]
o•cel′lar, adj.
oc•el•lat•ed (ˈɒs əˌleɪ tɪd, oʊˈsɛl eɪ tɪd) oc•el•late (ˈɒs əˌleɪt, oʊˈsɛl ɪt, -eɪt) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stemma - a tree diagram showing a reconstruction of the transmission of manuscripts of a literary work
tree diagram, tree - a figure that branches from a single root; "genealogical tree"
2.stemma - the descendants of one individualstemma - the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors"
kinfolk, kinsfolk, phratry, family line, sept, folk, family - people descended from a common ancestor; "his family has lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower"
side - a family line of descent; "he gets his brains from his father's side"
family tree, genealogy - successive generations of kin
3.stemma - an eye having a single lens
eye, oculus, optic - the organ of sight
ommatidium - any of the numerous small cone-shaped eyes that make up the compound eyes of some arthropods
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the philologist, Variacion y testimonio unico breaks ground in every chapter: manuscript stemmata, exhaustive charts, appendices with scholarly editions, page-long tables comparing variant readings, and other useful information, all of which provide seminal readings and models for method which will last a generation--at the least.
The larval stage of Ischyomius is known (author's collection and material borrowed from Jim McClarin) but is yet undescribed; it exhibits the following general features: body elongate, parallel-sided, only slightly flattened dorsoventrally; head with 5 stemmata (3 anterior and 2 posterior); urogomphal plate with dorsal tubercles and multiple inner teeth on urogomphi; sternite 9 with transverse row of asperities.
Both Haugen and Quinn criticize methods that simplify the construction of textual stemmata, and Cipolla explores the inherent instabilities in the reception of Eddic material and the associated construction of an authorial 'Snorri' despite textual variability.
Partially exiting the substrate may expand the sensitive region of the stalked stemmata and antennae.
The success of Bruni's translation led to forty manuscript witnesses, an unusually large number, which Venier patiently sorts into classes, from which he constructs the requisite stemmata. This task consumes another hundred plus pages, at which point we finally reach the edition itself, which is accompanied by three critical apparatuses.
Six stemmata in two rows, four dorsal stemmata forming a semicircle, and two ventral stemmata separated from dorsal ones by a distance equal to stemmata diameter.
Second and third instars tentatively identified as Liodessus noviaffinis Miller have six dorsolateral stemmata near the origin of each antenna.
Whereas preparing a stemmata of a text for which there might be 5 or 6 versions is manageable, sifting through the literally thousands of book illustrations and other visual images related to Cervantes' masterpiece involves a methodological challenge of another degree.