Stage Salinity Temperature Embryo Stenohaline
[up arrow] Stenothermal [up arrow] Early zoea Stenohaline
[up arrow] Stenothermal [up arrow] Late zoea Stenohaline
[up arrow] Stenothermal [up arrow] Megalopa Stenohaline
[up arrow] Stenothermal [up arrow] Early juvenile Stenohaline
[up arrow] Stenothermal [up arrow] Late juvenile Euryhaline [??] Eurythermal [??] Adult Euryhaline [??] Eurythermal [??] Direction of arrows indicates tolerance of high (>20; >20[degrees]C) and/or low (<20; <20[degrees]C) levels of the respective variables.
Species belonging to Miliolida Order are stenohaline
and have low resistance to low concentrations of oxygen (Todd & Bronnimann, 1957).
The placoderms of the Voskresenskoye locality might have entered a separate community of their own from the tetrapod one of the Andreyevka-2 locality and have been stenohaline
, possibly depending on a food type missing from the latter.
6D), bryozoans, bivalves, brachiopods and echinoderms (stenohaline
The finding of the study indicated that D.setosum is a stenohaline
echinoid that could not be able to survive and develop if the salinity range is less than28 or more than 37 ppt.
While most echinoderms are considered to be stenohaline
, coastal echinoids worldwide often encounter, and tolerate, very low salinities (Russell, 2013).
Effects of brackish water on growth, feed conversion and energy absorption efficiency by juveniles euryhaline and freshwater stenohaline
Doradas, as representatives of such group, are stenohaline
and important species as commercial fish in the Magdalena and Sinu rivers, in Colombia.
Hypersaline conditions lead to movement of stenohaline
species out of the area and extinction of less mobile organisms, resulting in changes in community structure and species richness (Schlacher & Wooldridge 1996; Owen & Forbes 1997).
Fine structure of the skin cells of a stenohaline
freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio exposed to diluted seawater.
The snow and southern Tanner crabs are typical of other stenohaline
marine crustaceans in that their hemolymph is isosmotic with their environmental seawater but the ionic composition of their hemolymph can differ considerably from the composition of seawater around them (Prosser, 1973).