Both signals w(t) and d(t) are step functions
. Thus, for the case of [R.sub.PS] ring, it is equivalent to reach the absolute term of P(s) equal to zero.
The STEP functions
are used to add motion to system in order to prevent the system simulation abnormity caused by abrupt speed variation in the simulation process.
F : [a,b] [right arrow] X is regulated if and only if it is the uniform limit of step functions
In general, the model with step functions
fitted better than those with homogeneous residual and repeatability model.
Here O is the time step function
and [GAMMA] and [PSI] = 2[[GAMMA].sup.3] are the space step functions
; [U.sup.n.sub.j] is an approximation to the exact solution u(x, t) at the mesh point ([x.sub.j], [t.sub.n]).
which, divided by M, can be understood as a kind of step functions
with continuity (see Figure 1(b)).
Taking the example of milling a metallic object, the fact of shrink holes causes step functions
in the feedback force profile applied on the robot tool and therefore high- frequent force changes.
The curves of the three approximated step functions
, with [epsilon] being 5.0 x [10.sup.-8], are illustrated in Figure 3.
The study of the cavitation bubble dynamics was first applied to the problem of single bubble growth to spontaneous collapse based on Equations-(2) and -(3) under three preset step functions
of bubble surrounding pressure [P.sub.[infinity]] by P1, P2, and P3 to characterize the difference of fuel flow speed (P1 vs.
At very low temperature, Fermi occupation function can be approximated by step functions
. Only electrons with energies between L and R contribute to the current
Combined with our global support and long-term maintenance, our carrier grade Wind River Linux provides customers with the first step towards adding on other valuable step functions
such as intelligence via deep packet inspection (DPI) and virtualization capabilities.
These tools may vary from simple regression analysis to multi-variable models with step functions
. The step function
is particularly suited to correlating energy usage with outside temperatures, changing in complement to external heating and cooling.