20) They may present with stereotypies
involving finger movements or repeated rubbing of mouth or face, orofacial dyskinesia, and choreoathetoid movements reminiscent of classical neurologic disorders.
The literature also suggests that mammals may also engage in oral stereotypies
because of gastric upset and because of chronic stress.
Next are stereotypies
, which usually don't have a premonitory feeling and are more fluid and rhythmic such as body rocking and leg bobbing.
Along with the proposed indicators, others as presence of aggressive behavior, stereotypies
, coughing and vulvar discharge could be included.
and self-directed behavior may develop as coping mechanisms, and therefore individuals that perform these may experience better welfare states than those in comparable environments that lack coping strategies (Mason and Latham, 2004; Mohiyeddini and Semple, 2013).
Of the behavioral measures, stereotypies
 have been widely used as behavioral indicators of poor welfare in addition to escape behavior  and so on.
Behavioral pathologies: They refer to those behaviors outside the behavioral repertoire of cattle; Among these stereotypies
(repetitive movements), restricted behaviors, exaggerated reactivity, inactivity or lack of response to the environment are mentioned.
They may be useful in revealing how far olfactory stimuli are suitable to minimizing stereotypies
irrespective of divergences in particular traits.
are often associated with ADHD, autism or mental retardation.
The duration and frequency of negative behaviors by animals in all groups was very low; in fact, there were no instances of stereotypies
recorded across all sessions (see Supplemental Material, Table 6).
Then, we observe the loss of voluntary manipulation of objects, presence of stereotypies
in the upper limbs, and ataxia of the trunk and gait.
There may be automatic obedience or exaggerated cooperation, echopraxia, echolalia or stereotypies