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n. pl. stig·mas or stig·ma·ta (stĭg-mä′tə, -măt′ə, stĭg′mə-)
1. An association of disgrace or public disapproval with something, such as an action or condition: "Depression ... has become easier to diagnose, and seeking treatment does not carry the stigma it once did" (Greg Critser). See Synonyms at stain.
2. Medicine
a. A visible indicator of disease.
b. A small bodily mark, especially a birthmark or scar, that is congenital or indicative of a condition or disease.
3. Psychology A bleeding spot on the skin considered to be a manifestation of conversion disorder.
4. stigmata Christianity Bodily marks, sores, or sensations of pain corresponding in location to the crucifixion wounds of Jesus, believed to be given as divine recognition of devotion.
5. Botany The apex of the pistil of a flower, on which pollen grains are deposited and germinate.
6. Biology A small mark, spot, or pore, such as the respiratory spiracle of an insect or an eyespot in certain protists.
7. Archaic A mark burned into the skin as a visible identifier of a person as a criminal or slave; a brand.

[Middle English stigme, brand, from Latin stigma, stigmat-, tattoo indicating slave or criminal status, from Greek, tattoo mark, from stizein, stig-, to prick; see steig- in Indo-European roots.]

stig′mal adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


of or relating to a stigma
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
13, 19) 3.0 to 3.1x as long as wide, unevenly pigmented, with 3 distinct, infuscate fasciae (all as transverse, straight cross-bands), second band (behind apex of venation) narrowly interrupted, third (subapical) band entire; postmarginal vein about as long as stigmal vein; longest marginal seta 0.09 to 0.1x maximum wing width.
ovis on the basis of 'D' shaped, closed, dark brown coloured, deep stigmal plates with radially arranged respiratory holes (Fig.
Larvae were boiled in 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) for 1 h to clear the stigmal plates of posterior spiracles.
Mesosoma with light punctation, space between punctures more than size of punctures, each puncture with a hair; hind femur with small tooth at anterior side on single lobe, a tooth shaped structure present at the distal end of the femur, length of femur 2x its maximum width; tibia with 2 carinae at anterior end, with 2 apical spurs; marginal vein of fore wing slightly away from wing margin, postmarginal vein very short, stigmal vein short with distinct uncus.
Forewing hyaline, without dark transverse bands, and with only costal cell surrounded by strongly pigmented veins; marginal cell open; stigmal vein regularly curved, with distal part longer than proximal part.