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n., pl. stones for 1-5,7-19, stone for 6, n.
stone- From a Germanic base meaning "solidity" or "stiffness."
Stoneof drunks—Lipton, 1970.
Stone is the hard, solid substance which is found in the ground and is often used for building.
In British English, a stone is a small piece of stone which you can pick up in your hand.
In American English, a small piece of stone like this may also be called a rock.
In both British and American English, a rock is also a large piece of stone that sticks up out of the ground or the sea, or that has broken away from a mountain.
In British English, the large, hard seed in a fruit such as a cherry, date, or apricot is called the stone.
In American English, this seed is called the pit.
Past participle: stoned
|Noun||1.||stone - a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he threw a rock at me"|
natural object - an object occurring naturally; not made by man
achondrite - a stony meteor lacking chondrules
bedrock - solid unweathered rock lying beneath surface deposits of soil
calculus, concretion - a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body; "renal calculi can be very painful"
chondrite - a rock of meteoric origin containing chondrules
clastic rock - (geology) a rock composed of broken pieces of older rocks
crystallization, crystal - a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces
intrusion - rock produced by an intrusive process
outcrop, outcropping, rock outcrop - the part of a rock formation that appears above the surface of the surrounding land
pebble - a small smooth rounded rock
petrifaction - a rock created by petrifaction; an organic object infiltrated with mineral matter and preserved in its original form
sill - (geology) a flat (usually horizontal) mass of igneous rock between two layers of older sedimentary rock
stepping stone - a stone in a marsh or shallow water that can be stepped on in crossing
tor - a prominent rock or pile of rocks on a hill
wall rock - a rock immediately adjacent to a vein or fault
whinstone, whin - any of various hard colored rocks (especially rocks consisting of chert or basalt)
xenolith - (geology) a piece of rock of different origin from the igneous rock in which it is embedded
|2.||stone - building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose; "he wanted a special stone to mark the site"|
ashlar - a rectangular block of hewn stone used for building purposes
cornerstone - a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls
cornerstone - a stone in the exterior of a large and important building; usually carved with a date and laid with appropriate ceremonies
foundation stone - a stone laid at a ceremony to mark the founding of a new building
grindstone - a revolving stone shaped like a disk; used to grind or sharpen or polish edge tools
hearthstone - a stone that forms a hearth
millstone - one of a pair of heavy flat disk-shaped stones that are rotated against one another to grind the grain
monolith - a single great stone (often in the form of a column or obelisk)
paving stone - a stone used for paving
whetstone - a flat stone for sharpening edged tools or knives
building material - material used for constructing buildings
|3.||stone - material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"|
material, stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
quartzite - hard metamorphic rock consisting essentially of interlocking quartz crystals
road metal - broken rock used for repairing or making roads
sedimentary rock - rock formed from consolidated clay sediments
sial - the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
sima - rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
metamorphic rock - rock altered by pressure and heat
caliche - nitrate-bearing rock or gravel of the sodium nitrate deposits of Chile and Peru
shingling - (geology) sediment in which flat pebbles are uniformly tilted in the same direction
aphanite - fine-grained homogeneous rock (such as basalt) containing minerals undetectable by the naked eye
claystone - fine-grained rock consisting of compacted clay particles
dolomite - a kind of sedimentary rock resembling marble or limestone but rich in magnesium carbonate
fieldstone - stone that occurs naturally in fields; often used as building material
greisen - a granitic rock composed of quartz and mica
calc-tufa, tufa - a soft porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate deposited from springs rich in lime
magma - molten rock in the earth's crust
igneous rock - rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
limestone - a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
marble - a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material
matrix - (geology) amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded
|4.||stone - a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry; "he had the gem set in a ring for his wife"; "she had jewels made of all the rarest stones"|
jewellery, jewelry - an adornment (as a bracelet or ring or necklace) made of precious metals and set with gems (or imitation gems)
cabochon - a highly polished gem that is cut convexly but without facets
crystal - a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure
opaque gem - a gemstone that is opaque
transparent gem - a gemstone having the property of transmitting light without serious diffusion
|5.||stone - an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds; "a heavy chap who must have weighed more than twenty stone"|
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
avoirdupois unit - any of the units of the avoirdupois system of weights
quarter - a quarter of a hundredweight (25 pounds)
|6.||stone - the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"|
peach pit - the stone seed of a peach
cherry stone - the stone seed of a cherry
|7.||Stone - United States jurist who was named chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1872-1946)|
|8.||Stone - United States filmmaker (born in 1946)|
|9.||Stone - United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)|
|10.||Stone - United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989)|
|11.||Stone - United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872-1946)|
|12.||Stone - United States architect (1902-1978)|
|13.||stone - a lack of feeling or expression or movement; "he must have a heart of stone"; "her face was as hard as stone"|
|Verb||1.||stone - kill by throwing stones at; "People wanted to stone the woman who had a child out of wedlock"|
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"
|2.||stone - remove the pits from; "pit plums and cherries"|
|Adj.||1.||stone - of any of various dull tannish or grey colors|
chromatic - being or having or characterized by hue
a stone's throw away; within a stone's throw → a un tiro de piedra
to cast the first stone → lanzar la primera piedra
which of you shall cast the first stone? → ¿cuál de vosotros se atreve a lanzar la primera piedra?
to leave no stone unturned → no dejar piedra por mover
it isn't cast or set in stone → no es inamovible, no es para toda la vida
a stone's throw
within a stone's throw of the station → à un jet de pierre de la gare
to leave no stone unturned → ne reculer devant rien
a stone wall → un mur en pierre
to turn to stone (vt) → pietrificare (vi) → rimanere pietrificato/a
within a stone's throw of the station → a due passi dalla stazione, ad un tiro di schioppo dalla stazione
to leave no stone unturned → non lasciare nulla d'intentato