Loss of the world's stony coral
reefs--up to 30% in the next 30 years, according to some estimates--will mean toss of their services, including sequestering some 70,000,000 to 90,000,000 tons of carbon each year and supporting enormous marine biodiversity.
The underwater visuals have shown the coral debris and boulders caused by the 2004 Tsunami, at the same time, also capturing some locations where the rejuvenation of the colonies of branching corals, stony coral
, brain corals was observed.
The reef system is home to more than 65 species of stony coral
, 350 species of mollusk, and more than 50 species of fish.
The removal of shells and stony coral
from their natural habitats threatens the entire eco-system.
When a gram of fossilized stony coral
minerals with 86 percent calcium is placed in a glass of distilled water the pH rises to 9.
skeletons are dense and rocky, often persisting long after coral colonies have died.
a manufacturer of stony coral
minerals, recently launched Coral White, the first all-natural toothpaste made from above-the-sea fossilized stony coral
A band more than 13 kilometers long bristled with pale, crisscrossing branches of a stony coral
, the ivory tree coral Lophelia pertusa.
The company says the product is made from fossilized stony coral
minerals and points out that the product does not contain artificial flavors and colors, additives or toxic preservatives.
From 1996 to 1999, stony coral
cover decreased 38% on average in the 160 stations sponsored by the U.
In particular, the colonial stony coral
Solenosmilia variabilis is particularly prevalent and forms a dense matrix of living and dead coral as new members of the colony grow up and over older members to reach as far into the current as possible.
Breakage and propagation of the stony coral