At the turn of the millennium, the diversity and distribution of zooxanthellate stony coral
species (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia) had appeared to be precisely characterised and resolved (Veron 1995, 2000, 2002).
Zvuloni and Habary spent many long and precious underwater minutes trying to remove a yellow, dome-shaped stony coral
before throwing in the towel.
Sponge abundance is influential on stony coral
health, specifically the abundance of C.
Loss of the world's stony coral
reefs--up to 30% in the next 30 years, according to some estimates--will mean toss of their services, including sequestering some 70,000,000 to 90,000,000 tons of carbon each year and supporting enormous marine biodiversity.
The reef system is home to more than 65 species of stony coral
, 350 species of mollusk, and more than 50 species of fish.
The removal of shells and stony coral
from their natural habitats threatens the entire eco-system.
When a gram of fossilized stony coral
minerals with 86 percent calcium is placed in a glass of distilled water the pH rises to 9.5-11.5.
skeletons are dense and rocky, often persisting long after coral colonies have died.
INCLINE VILLAGE, Nev.-based Coral, Inc., a manufacturer of stony coral
minerals, recently launched Coral White, the first all-natural toothpaste made from above-the-sea fossilized stony coral
A band more than 13 kilometers long bristled with pale, crisscrossing branches of a stony coral
, the ivory tree coral Lophelia pertusa.
The company says the product is made from fossilized stony coral
minerals and points out that the product does not contain artificial flavors and colors, additives or toxic preservatives.
From 1996 to 1999, stony coral
cover decreased 38% on average in the 160 stations sponsored by the U.S.