stop(redirected from stops by)
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These verbs mean to bring or come to an end: stop arguing; ceased crying; desist from complaining; discontinued the treatment; halting the convoy; quit laughing.
v. stopped, stop•ping,
You usually use the verb stop to say that someone no longer does something. After stop, you can use either an -ing form or a to-infinitive, but with different meanings.
If you stop doing something at a particular time, you no longer do it after that time.
If you stop to do something, you interrupt what you are doing in order to do something else. For example, if someone stops while they are walking somewhere, admires the view, then continues walking, you can say 'She stopped to admire the view'.
If you are prevented from doing something, you can say that something stops you doing it or stops you from doing it.
Don't say that something 'stops somebody to do' something. Don't say, for example 'How do you stop a tap to drip?'
Past participle: stopped
|Noun||1.||stop - the event of something ending; "it came to a stop at the bottom of the hill"|
conclusion, ending, finish - event whose occurrence ends something; "his death marked the ending of an era"; "when these final episodes are broadcast it will be the finish of the show"
|2.||stop - the act of stopping something; "the third baseman made some remarkable stops"; "his stoppage of the flow resulted in a flood"|
|3.||stop - a brief stay in the course of a journey; "they made a stopover to visit their friends"|
stay - continuing or remaining in a place or state; "they had a nice stay in Paris"; "a lengthy hospital stay"; "a four-month stay in bankruptcy court"
night-stop - a break in a journey for the night
pit stop - a brief stop at a pit during an automobile race to take on fuel or service the car
pit stop - a stop during an automobile trip for rest and refreshment
stand - a stop made by a touring musical or theatrical group to give a performance; "a one-night stand"
|4.||stop - the state of inactivity following an interruption; "the negotiations were in arrest"; "held them in check"; "during the halt he got some lunch"; "the momentary stay enabled him to escape the blow"; "he spent the entire stop in his seat"|
countercheck - a check that restrains another check
logjam - any stoppage attributable to unusual activity; "the legislation ran into a logjam"
|5.||stop - a spot where something halts or pauses; "his next stop is Atlanta"|
bus stop - a place on a bus route where buses stop to discharge and take on passengers
checkpoint - a place (as at a frontier) where travellers are stopped for inspection and clearance
stopover, way station - a stopping place on a journey; "there is a stopover to change planes in Chicago"
|6.||stop - a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it; "his stop consonants are too aspirated"|
obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
implosion - the initial occluded phase of a stop consonant
plosion, explosion - the terminal forced release of pressure built up during the occlusive phase of a stop consonant
labial stop - a stop consonant that is produced with the lips
glottal catch, glottal plosive, glottal stop - a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel
|7.||stop - a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations; "in England they call a period a stop"|
punctuation mark, punctuation - the marks used to clarify meaning by indicating separation of words into sentences and clauses and phrases
suspension point - (usually plural) one of a series of points indicating that something has been omitted or that the sentence is incomplete
|8.||stop - (music) a knob on an organ that is pulled to change the sound quality from the organ pipes; "the organist pulled out all the stops"|
knob - a round handle
pipe organ, organ - wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
|9.||stop - a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens; "the new cameras adjust the diaphragm automatically"|
camera, photographic camera - equipment for taking photographs (usually consisting of a lightproof box with a lens at one end and light-sensitive film at the other)
iris diaphragm, iris - diaphragm consisting of thin overlapping plates that can be adjusted to change the diameter of a central opening
mechanical device - mechanism consisting of a device that works on mechanical principles
|10.||stop - a restraint that checks the motion of something; "he used a book as a stop to hold the door open"|
bench hook - any of various stops on a workbench against which work can be pushed (as while chiseling or planing)
detent, pawl, click, dog - a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward
constraint, restraint - a device that retards something's motion; "the car did not have proper restraints fitted"
|11.||stop - an obstruction in a pipe or tube; "we had to call a plumber to clear out the blockage in the drainpipe"|
breech closer, breechblock - a metal block in breech-loading firearms that is withdrawn to insert a cartridge and replaced to close the breech before firing
impedimenta, obstruction, obstructor, obstructer, impediment - any structure that makes progress difficult
|Verb||1.||stop - come to a halt, stop moving; "the car stopped"; "She stopped in front of a store window"|
go off - stop running, functioning, or operating; "Our power went off during the hurricane"
pull up short - stop abruptly; "The police car pulled up short and then turned around fast"
check - stop for a moment, as if out of uncertainty or caution; "She checked for an instant and missed a step"
check - stop in a chase especially when scent is lost; "The dog checked"
check - abandon the intended prey, turn, and pursue an inferior prey
rein in, rein - stop or slow up one's horse or oneself by or as if by pulling the reins; "They reined in in front of the post office"
stall - experience a stall in flight, of airplanes
haul up, pull up, draw up - come to a halt after driving somewhere; "The Rolls pulled up on pour front lawn"; "The chauffeur hauled up in front of us"
brake - stop travelling by applying a brake; "We had to brake suddenly when a chicken crossed the road"
settle - come to rest
|2.||stop - put an end to a state or an activity; "Quit teasing your little brother"|
leave off - stop using; "leave off your jacket--no need to wear it here"
sign off - cease broadcasting; get off the air; as of radio stations
pull the plug - prevent from happening or continuing; "The government pulled the plug on spending"
cheese - used in the imperative (get away, or stop it); "Cheese it!"
call it a day, call it quits - stop doing what one is doing; "At midnight, the student decided to call it quits and closed his books"
break - give up; "break cigarette smoking"
|3.||stop - stop from happening or developing; "Block his election"; "Halt the process"|
embargo - prevent commerce; "The U.S. embargoes Libya"
foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent, forbid - keep from happening or arising; make impossible; "My sense of tact forbids an honest answer"; "Your role in the projects precludes your involvement in the competitive project"
stay - stop a judicial process; "The judge stayed the execution order"
|4.||stop - interrupt a trip; "we stopped at Aunt Mary's house"; "they stopped for three days in Florence"|
cut off, disrupt, interrupt, break up - make a break in; "We interrupt the program for the following messages"
call - make a stop in a harbour; "The ship will call in Honolulu tomorrow"
|5.||stop - cause to stop; "stop a car"; "stop the thief"|
check - arrest the motion (of something) abruptly; "He checked the flow of water by shutting off the main valve"
rein, rein in - stop or check by or as if by a pull at the reins; "He reined in his horses in front of the post office"
bring up - cause to come to a sudden stop; "The noise brought her up in shock"
cut - stop filming; "cut a movie scene"
flag down - signal to stop; "Let's flag down a cab--it's starting to rain"; "The policeman flagged down our car"
stall - cause an engine to stop; "The inexperienced driver kept stalling the car"
stall - cause an airplane to go into a stall
brake - cause to stop by applying the brakes; "brake the car before you go into a curve"
|6.||stop - prevent completion; "stop the project"; "break off the negotiations"|
fracture - become fractured; "The tibia fractured from the blow of the iron pipe"
terminate, end - bring to an end or halt; "She ended their friendship when she found out that he had once been convicted of a crime"; "The attack on Poland terminated the relatively peaceful period after WW I"
bog down, bog - get stuck while doing something; "She bogged down many times while she wrote her dissertation"
|7.||stop - hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; "Arrest the downward trend"; "Check the growth of communism in South East Asia"; "Contain the rebel movement"; "Turn back the tide of communism"|
defend - be on the defensive; act against an attack
|8.||stop - seize on its way; "The fighter plane was ordered to intercept an aircraft that had entered the country's airspace"|
grab, take hold of, catch - take hold of so as to seize or restrain or stop the motion of; "Catch the ball!"; "Grab the elevator door!"
|9.||stop - have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical; "the bronchioles terminate in a capillary bed"; "Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other"; "My property ends by the bushes"; "The symphony ends in a pianissimo"|
pass away - go out of existence; "She hoped that the problem would eventually pass away"
lapse - end, at least for a long time; "The correspondence lapsed"
cut out - cease operating; "The pump suddenly cut out"
go out - become extinguished; "The lights suddenly went out and we were in the dark"
climax, culminate - end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage; "The meeting culminated in a tearful embrace"
run out - become used up; be exhausted; "Our supplies finally ran out"
run low, run short, go - to be spent or finished; "The money had gone after a few days"; "Gas is running low at the gas stations in the Midwest"
discontinue - come to or be at an end; "the support from our sponsoring agency will discontinue after March 31"
break - come to an end; "The heat wave finally broke yesterday"
|10.||stop - render unsuitable for passage; "block the way"; "barricade the streets"; "stop the busy road"|
obturate, occlude, close up, impede, obstruct, jam, block - block passage through; "obstruct the path"
close - bar access to; "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"
|11.||stop - stop and wait, as if awaiting further instructions or developments; "Hold on a moment!"|
quit start, begin, continue, keep on, keep going, commence, proceed
prevent further, push, encourage, promote, boost, assist, facilitate, hasten, fast-track, expedite, gee up, set off, kick off, get going, get under way, give the go ahead, set in motion, institute
end start, begin, continue, keep on, keep going, commence, get under way
cease start, begin, continue, keep on, keep going
halt continue, keep on, keep going, set off, advance, proceed
to be at a stop [+ vehicle] → estar parado; [+ production, process] → quedar paralizado
to bring to a stop [+ vehicle] → parar, detener; [+ production, process] → paralizar, interrumpir
to come to a stop [vehicle] → parar(se), detenerse; [production, progress] → interrumpirse
to come to a dead or sudden stop → pararse en seco, detenerse repentinamente
to come to a full stop [negotiations, discussions] → paralizarse, quedar detenido en un punto muerto
to put a stop to sth → poner fin or término a algo, acabar con algo
a stop for coffee → un descanso para tomar café
to make a stop at Bordeaux → hacer escala en Burdeos
a stop of a few days → una estancia de unos días
without a stop → sin parar
to pull out all the stops → tocar todos los registros
to stop one's ears → taparse los oídos
to stop a gap → tapar un agujero (fig) → llenar un vacío
the curtains stop the light → las cortinas impiden la entrada de la luz
the walls stop some of the noise → las paredes absorben parte del ruido
to stop a bullet (= be shot) → ser disparado or (LAm) baleado
this should stop any further trouble → esto debería evitar cualquier dificultad en el futuro
to stop sth (from) happening → evitar que algo ocurra
to stop sb (from) doing sth (= prevent) → impedir a algn hacer algo, impedir que algn haga algo; (= forbid) → prohibir a algn hacer algo, prohibir a algn que haga algo
can't you stop him? → ¿no le puedes impedir que lo haga?
there is nothing to stop him → y no hay nada que se lo impida
to stop o.s. (from doing sth) → abstenerse (de hacer algo)
I can't seem to stop myself doing it → parece que no puedo dejar de hacerlo
I stopped myself in time → me detuve a tiempo
stop it! → ¡basta ya!
I just can't stop it (= help it) → ¡qué remedio!, ¡qué le vamos a hacer!
stop that noise! → ¡basta ya de ruido!
stop that nonsense! → ¡déjate de tonterías!
it has stopped raining → ha dejado de llover, ya no llueve
I'm trying to stop smoking → estoy intentando dejar de fumar
she never stops talking → habla sin parar
to stop work → dejar de trabajar
to stop sb's electricity → cortar la electricidad a algn
all leave is stopped → han sido cancelados todos los permisos
to stop the milk for a fortnight (Brit) → pedir al lechero que no traiga leche durante quince días
to stop sb's wages → suspender el pago del sueldo de algn
to stop ten pounds from sb's wages → retener diez libras del sueldo de algn
the car stopped → se paró el coche
where does the bus stop? → ¿dónde para el autobús?
the clock has stopped → el reloj se ha parado
stop! → ¡pare!
stop, thief! → ¡al ladrón!
to stop to do sth → detenerse a hacer algo
without stopping → sin parar
payments have stopped (temporarily) → se han suspendido los pagos; (permanently) → han terminado los pagos
when the programme stops → cuando termine el programa
the rain has stopped → ha dejado de llover
he seems not to know when to stop → parece no saber cuándo conviene hacer alto
to stop at nothing (to do sth) → no detenerse ante nada (para hacer algo)
"stop press" (as heading) → al cierre de la edición
stop sign N (Aut) → stop m, señal f de stop
they made him stop behind after school → le hicieron quedar en la escuela después de las clases
don't stop in for me → no te quedes esperándome en casa
to stop off at (= drop by) → pasar por; (= stop at) → parar en
We'll get off at the next stop → Nous descendrons au prochain arrêt.
This is my stop
BUT Je descends ici. bus stop
stop it! → arrête!
to stop doing sth → arrêter de faire qch
I've stopped smoking → J'ai arrêté de fumer.
We all stopped talking
BUT Nous nous sommes tous tus. → Nous avons tous arrêté de parler.
Stop the car and let me out → Arrêtez la voiture et laissez-moi sortir.
a campaign to stop whaling → une campagne pour arrêter la chasse à la baleine
He broke two plates before I could stop him → Il a cassé deux assiettes avant que j'aie pu l'en empêcher.
to stop sb from doing sth, to stop sb doing sth → empêcher qn de faire qch
The bus doesn't stop there → Le bus ne s'arrête pas là.
She stopped and stared at the poster → Elle s'arrêta et regarda fixement l'affiche.
to stop dead → s'arrêter net
to stop to do sth → s'arrêter pour faire qch
to stop at nothing → ne s'arrêter à rien
I think the rain's going to stop → Je pense que la pluie va cesser., Je pense que la pluie va s'arrêter.
They were waiting for the rain to stop → Ils attendaient que la pluie cesse., Ils attendaient que la pluie s'arrête.
You can't travel all the way to Australia and not stop in Sydney → Vous ne pouvez pas aller jusqu'en Australie et ne pas vous arrêter à Sydney.
a 20 minute stop for coffee → una pausa di 20 minuti per il caffè
without a stop → senza fermarsi
to come to a stop (traffic, production) → arrestarsi (work) → fermarsi
to bring to a stop (traffic, production) → paralizzare (work) → fermare
to make a stop (bus) → fare una fermata (train) → fermarsi (plane, ship) → fare scalo
to put a stop to sth → mettere fine a qc
she drew the curtains to stop the light coming in → tirò le tende per impedire che entrasse la luce
rain stopped play → la partita è stata sospesa a causa del maltempo
to stop sb (from) doing sth → impedire a qn di fare qc
to stop sth (from) happening → impedire che qc succeda
can't you stop him? → non puoi fermarlo?
to stop o.s. (from doing sth) → trattenersi (dal fare qc)
I managed to stop myself in time → sono riuscito a fermarmi in tempo
to stop doing sth → smettere di fare qc
I'm trying to stop smoking → sto cercando di smettere di fumare
stop it! → smettila!
I just can't stop it (help it) → proprio non riesco a smetterla
to stop £30 pound from sb's wages → trattenere trenta sterline dallo stipendio di qn
stop! → fermo!
stop, thief! → al ladro!
without stopping → senza fermarsi
to stop in one's tracks, stop dead → fermarsi di colpo
to stop at nothing (to do sth) → non fermarsi davanti a niente (pur di fare qc)
to know where to stop (fig) → avere il senso della misura