stratagem

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strat·a·gem

 (străt′ə-jəm)
n.
1. A scheme or maneuver designed to achieve an objective, as in surprising an enemy or deceiving someone. See Synonyms at wile.
2. The devising or execution of such schemes or maneuvers: "This devious, insinuating creature, whose every word and movement seemed part of the spinning of some invisible net of stratagem" (Richard Adams).

[Middle English, from Old French stratageme, from Old Italian stratagemma, from Latin stratēgēma, from Greek, from stratēgein, to be a general, from stratēgos, general : stratos, army; see ster- in Indo-European roots + agein, to lead; see ag- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

stratagem

(ˈstrætədʒəm)
n
a plan or trick, esp one to deceive an enemy
[C15: ultimately from Greek stratēgos a general, from stratos an army + agein to lead]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

strat•a•gem

(ˈstræt ə dʒəm)

n.
1. a scheme or trick for surprising or deceiving an enemy.
2. any artifice or ruse devised to attain a goal or gain an advantage.
[1480–90; (< Middle French stratageme) < Italian stratagemma war ruse < Latin stratēgēma < Greek stratḗgēma instance of generalship, derivative of stratēgeîn to be in command, derivative of stratēgós military commander (see strategy)]
syn: See trick.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stratagem - a maneuver in a game or conversation
tactical maneuver, tactical manoeuvre, maneuver, manoeuvre - a move made to gain a tactical end
2.stratagem - an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade; "his testimony was just a contrivance to throw us off the track"
scheme, strategy - an elaborate and systematic plan of action
plant - something planted secretly for discovery by another; "the police used a plant to trick the thieves"; "he claimed that the evidence against him was a plant"
pump-and-dump scheme - an illegal scheme for making money by manipulating stock prices; the schemer persuades other people to buy the stock and then sells it himself as soon as the price of the stock rises
wangle, wangling - an instance of accomplishing something by scheming or trickery
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

stratagem

noun trick, scheme, manoeuvre, plan, plot, device, intrigue, dodge, ploy, ruse, artifice, subterfuge, feint, wile a competitive stratagem to secure customer loyalty
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

stratagem

noun
1. A method of deploying troops and equipment in combat:
2. An indirect, usually cunning means of gaining an end:
Informal: shenanigan, take-in.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
خُدْعَه حَرْبِيَّه
lesttrik
kneb
KriegslistListStratagemaStrategem
juonipetossalajuoni
hadicsel
kænsku-/herbragî
kara viltībatriksviltība
krigslistlist

stratagem

[ˈstrætɪdʒəm] Nestratagema f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

stratagem

[ˈstrætədʒəm] nstratagème m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

stratagem

n (Mil) → Kriegslist f; (= artifice)List f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

stratagem

[ˈstrætɪdʒəm] nstratagemma m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

stratagem

(ˈstrӕtədʒəm) noun
a trick or plan.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
The colonel had to resort to all kinds of stratagems to keep his slaves out of the garden.
The temper of our governments, for a long time to come, would not permit those rigorous precautions by which the European nations guard the avenues into their respective countries, as well by land as by water; and which, even there, are found insufficient obstacles to the adventurous stratagems of avarice.
The causes of superstition are: pleasing and sensual rites and ceremonies; excess of outward and pharisaical holiness; overgreat reverence of traditions, which cannot but load the church; the stratagems of prelates, for their own ambition and lucre; the favoring too much of good intentions, which openeth the gate to conceits and novelties; the taking an aim at divine matters, by human, which cannot but breed mixture of imaginations: and, lastly, barbarous times, especially joined with calamities and disasters.
For want of more exalted adversaries Dominic turned his audacity fertile in impious stratagems against the powers of the earth, as represented by the institution of Custom-houses and every mortal belonging thereto - scribes, officers, and guardacostas afloat and ashore.
"What do you say to the universally-accepted maxim that 'all stratagems are fair in love and war'?
Nay; see whether by bodily strength it be possible to learn or divine the intentions of the enemy, his plans, stratagems, or obstacles, or to ward off impending mischief; for all these are the work of the mind, and in them the body has no share whatever.
The Marriage-Settlement, the Will, the presence of the family at his country house--all these he believed to be so many stratagems invented to keep him deceived until the last moment.
CAPTAIN BONNEVILLE now found himself at the head of a hardy, well-seasoned and well-appointed company of trappers, all benefited by at least one year's experience among the mountains, and capable of protecting themselves from Indian wiles and stratagems, and of providing for their subsistence wherever game was to be found.
Every one commended the stratagem; and the Emperor commanded the Abyssin to restore all the presents he had received, and delivered them with many more to Peter Leon.
When she saw that she could get no redress and that her words were despised, the Owl attacked the chatterer by a stratagem. "Since I cannot sleep," she said, "on account of your song which, believe me, is sweet as the lyre of Apollo, I shall indulge myself in drinking some nectar which Pallas lately gave me.
He effected, by stratagem, the escape of the prisoner.
Gloom at Astoria- An Ingenious Stratagem.- The Small-Pox Chief.