streptomycin


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strep·to·my·cin

 (strĕp′tə-mī′sĭn)
n.
An antibiotic, C21H39N7O12, produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus, used to treat bacterial infections caused chiefly by gram-negative bacteria and used under certain conditions to treat tuberculosis.

streptomycin

(ˌstrɛptəʊˈmaɪsɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) an antibiotic obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces griseus: used in the treatment of tuberculosis and Gram-negative bacterial infections. Formula: C21H39N7O12
[from Streptomyces, genus name of bacteria (from strepto- + Greek mukēs fungus + -in)]

strep•to•my•cin

(ˌstrɛp təˈmaɪ sɪn)

n.
an antibiotic, C21H39N7O12, produced by a streptomyces and used chiefly to treat tuberculosis.
[1944; < New Latin Streptomyc(es) (see streptomyces) + -in1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.streptomycin - an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
Translations
streptomycine

streptomycin

[ˌstreptəʊˈmaɪsɪn] Nestreptomicina f

strep·to·my·cin

n. estreptomicina, antibiótico que se usa contra infecciones bacterianas.

streptomycin

n estreptomicina
References in periodicals archive ?
If an isolate is susceptible to all three drugs studied, streptomycin may be preferable, as it was the least likely to cause hearing loss, they added.
006) g/L] increased 149% with neomycin, 65% with gentamicin, 40% with tobramycin, 11% with kanamycin, 8% with amikacin, and 6% with streptomycin (n = 5; CV <5.
Blood was collected immediately by cardiac puncture, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated against a ficoll-hypaque gradient and resuspended in complete media containing 90% (vol/vol) R[micro]MI 1640, 10% FBS, 100 U/mL penicillin, and 100 [micro]g/mL streptomycin (Sigma).
The following test compounds wee prepared at 120 [micro]g/ml and 60 [micro]g/ml: ND-197, uranyl nitrate, polymyxin B sulfate, streptomycin sulfate, neomycin sulfate, eythromycin and tetracycline hydrochloride.
Five of these were supplemented with streptomycin at a dosage of 25 [micro]g/mL, and were inoculated with 0.
But the favored streptomycin began losing its effectiveness in the 1970's because E.
8%) were resistant to isoniazid, rifampicin, streptomycin, ethambutol, ofloxacin, capreomycin, and amikacin, respectively.
Further, streptomycin has been replaced by ethambutol as a key drug in the intensive phase of tuberculosis chemotherapy as it is less expensive and patient's compliance is better with this drug (3).
Steyger's research focuses on how drugs such as streptomycin enter and kill hair cells, the sensory cells in the inner ear that are pivotal to hearing.
Of the 1,170 isolates that were analyzed, 93% were resistant to at least one antimicrobial agent, including ampicillin (79% of isolates), streptomycin (56%), sulfamethoxazole (56%), tetracycline (53%), and combined trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (51%).
Neomycin, gentamicin, tobramycin, and paromomycin gave higher responses (442%,304%,259%, and 135%, respectively) than BSA (100%), whereas geneticin, kanamycin, streptomycin, and dihydrostreptomycin gave lower responses (26%, 21%, 7%, and 3%, respectively; n = 5; CV <5%).
From Koch's recognition of the tubercle bacillus to Waksman's discovery of streptomycin over thirty decades of trial and error passed; the contributions of these men to medical science remain almost obscure footnotes.