striatum

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striatum

(straɪˈeɪtəm)
n
(Anatomy) anatomy a striped mass of white and grey matter in the brain which controls movement and balance
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.striatum - a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
caudate, caudate nucleus - a tail-shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
lenticular nucleus, lentiform nucleus - a basal ganglion shaped like a lens and including the outer reddish putamen and the inner pale yellow pallidum
References in periodicals archive ?
At the physiological level, the researchers found impaired striatal dopamine neurotransmission and clearance.
A better understanding of the interaction between striatal cholinergic neurons and striatal dopaminergic neurons is crucial, because both types of neural projections have a dense concentration of interneurons in the striatum and both are affected by the progression of PD (29,30).
The most common PD treatment today is based on enhancing the activity of the nigrostriatal pathway in the brain with dopamine-modulating therapies, thereby increasing striatal dopamine levels and improving motor impairment associated with the disease.
However, To date, No studies have addressed and dissected the different roles of the human huntingtin protein in human cortical and striatal development specifically in different cell populations, Or the effects of early phenotypes caused by loss-of-function of huntingtin in the late neuronal function.
Hungtington's disease, mainly prevalent in adults, is a chronic and progressively neurodegenerative disease that is characterised by characterized radiologically by striatal atrophy of varying degree.
Before 90s presynaptic mechanisms, namely all processes determining the striatal dopamine levels like production, storage, release and reuptake by the dopaminergic terminals, were more commonly accused for LID, as nigral dopaminergic cell loss is the initial and the most prominent pathological finding in PD.
Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed bilateral cortical atrophy and bilateral striatal and caudate nucleus T2 flair hyperintensities (Figure 1).
Positron-emission tomography studies in patients with schizophrenia have shown that lumateperone at 60 mg once daily effectively reduced psychosis symptoms at roughly 40% striatal D2-receptor occupancy.
("Effect of Voluntary Wheel Running on Striatal Dopamine Level and Neurocognitive Behaviors after Molar Loss in Rats") addressed the effect of voluntary wheel running on striatal dopamine levels in Sprague-Dawley rats randomly divided into 4 groups (i.e., controls, molar loss group, 1-week PE before tooth loss group, and 4-week PE before tooth loss group).
Our western blot analyses showed no change in striatal expression of DDC or VMAT-2, suggesting that dopamine release may not be responsible for the dopaminergic effect of zonisamide.
Here, we determine the neuroprotective potential of green tea and red tea from Camellia sinensis in the prevention of possible motor deficits and striatal oxidative damage in a model of intracerebral hemorrhage in adult rats.