stroma

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stro·ma

 (strō′mə)
n. pl. stro·ma·ta (-mə-tə)
1. The connective tissue framework of an organ, gland, or other structure, as distinguished from the tissues performing the special function of the organ or part.
2. The spongy, colorless framework of a red blood cell or other cell.
3. The colorless semiliquid material inside a chloroplast, in which the thylakoid membranes are embedded and where the dark reactions of photosynthesis occur.
4. A dense mass of fungal hyphae on or in which reproductive structures develop.

[Late Latin strōma, mattress, covering, from Greek, bed; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

stro′mal adj.
stro·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

stroma

(ˈstrəʊmə)
n, pl -mata (-mətə)
1. (Biology) the gel-like matrix of chloroplasts and certain cells
2. (Zoology) the fibrous connective tissue forming the matrix of the mammalian ovary and testis
3. (Botany) a dense mass of hyphae that is produced by certain fungi and gives rise to spore-producing bodies
[C19: via New Latin from Late Latin: a mattress, from Greek; related to Latin sternere to strew]
stromatic, ˈstromatous adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

stro•ma

(ˈstroʊ mə)

n., pl. -ma•ta (-mə tə)
the supporting framework of an organ, tissue, or cell.
[1825–35; < Late Latin strōma mattress]
stro•mat′ic (-ˈmæt ɪk) stro′mal, stro′ma•tous, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stroma - a mass of fungal tissue that has spore-bearing structures embedded in it or on it
plant tissue - the tissue of a plant
2.stroma - the dense colorless framework of a chloroplaststroma - the dense colorless framework of a chloroplast
plant tissue - the tissue of a plant
3.stroma - the supporting tissue of an organ (as opposed to parenchyma)
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

stro·ma

n. estroma, armazón de tejido que sirve de soporte a un órgano.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This section grouped species with (a) carbonized stromata, (b) conical-papillate ostioles surrounded or not by a discoid area, (c) smooth ascospores usually with dehiscent perispore but with a thickening of 1/3 of the length of the ascospores and (d) nodulisporium-like anamorphs.
Stromata effused-pulvinate rarely glomerate; 10-25 mm long x 5.5-12 mm broad x 1-1.5 mm thick, with perithecial mounds 1/2 to 1/4 exposed; surface shiny black; red-brown to black granules immediately beneath surface, orange-brown granules detected by microscopic examination in water; KOH-extractable pigments Vinaceous Purple (101); the tissue below the perithecial layer inconspicuous, black.
CLEMENTE DE ALEJANDRIA, Stromata VI-VIII, introduccion, traduccion y notas de M.
En el presente volumen de la coleccion <<Fuentes Patristicas>> se recogen los ultimos libros de los Stromata de Clemente de Alejandria (ca.
CLEMENTE DE ALEJANDRIA, Stromata VI-VIII, introduccion, traduccion y notas de Marcelo Merino Rodriguez, Ciudad Nueva (<<Fuentes Patristicas>>, 17), Madrid 2005, 704 pp.
It forms fruiting structures (stromata) producing conidia (asexual spores) and ascospores (sexual spores) around developing grass inflorescences, thereby preventing host flowering and seed set.