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n. pl. stroph·u·li (-lē)
A disease, especially common among children, sometimes associated with intestinal disturbances and characterized by a papular eruption of the skin. Also called red gum2.

[New Latin, from Greek strophos, twisted cord, from strephein, to turn; see streb(h)- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Pathology) a type of skin inflammation found mostly in small children
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Abstract Strophulus prurigo, chronic skin disease widespread in Africa in general and the Congo - Brazzaville in particular is studied here in a neighborhood of the city of Brazzaville located near a watercourse.
Keywords: Prurigo strophulus, arthropods, humid tropics, watercourse, sex ratio, body cover, allergy, activity rhythm.
Prurigo strophulus discovered in 1857 by Erasmus Wilson is a chronic skin disease in general and particularly in infants.
The vector of strophulus prurigo is an ectoparasite, an insect or a mite.
Strophulus prurigo is a public health problem (Hyde and Montgomery, 1909; Touraine and Revuz,1997; Sangare et al.
Treatment of prurigo strophulus is difficult and mostly symptomatic.
Our study aims at finding the suspected vectors of prurigo strophulus in a district of Brazzaville, located near a watercourse.
Frequency of prurigo strophulus Seventy cases of prurigo strophulus were observed during the study period on 100 identified patients (Table I).
Distribution prurigo strophulus patients in different streets 100 m and 500 m away from the river.
The results obtained on all patients show that the number of patients with prurigo strophulus is higher among children living in houses occupied by families with limited incomes.
Indeed, patients whose parents were traders or officials were systematically less infested by prurigo strophulus (either at 100m or 500m far from the rivers), than those from the secondary sector.
Oftentimes clinical characteristics mimic those of strophulus (Figure 3), sometimes with bullous lesions.