structural gene


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structural gene

n.
A gene that encodes the amino acid sequence of a protein.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cis•tron

(ˈsɪs trɒn)

n.
a segment of DNA that codes for the formation of a specific protein; a structural gene.
[1955–60; cis- + tr (ans)- + -on1]
cis•tron′ic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.structural gene - a gene that controls the production of a specific protein or peptide
cistron, gene, factor - (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
gène de structure
References in periodicals archive ?
Plasma mannose binding lectin concentration was determined by an incorporation of genotypes was affected by mutations in the structural gene as well as by two dimorphic loci in the promoter region.
Thiel et al., "Interplay between promoter and structural gene variants control basal serum level of mannan-binding protein," The Journal of Immunology, vol.
Typically, lantibiotic gene clusters include a structural gene encoding a prelantibiotic peptide, as well as genes required for the modification of amino acids, maturation, export, regulation, and immunity [2].
In another study a structural gene for glutathione synthetase, gshB, has been cloned from Synechococcus sp.
A comparison of flavonoid structural gene's transcript level at 10 DPA and 20 DPA in brown green and white cotton fibers showed decline in transcript accumulation of GhCHI GhF3H GhDFR and GhANR in brown fibers at 20 DPA.
Researchers confirmed these results: by amplifying the nisin structural gene using PCR; by finding a lack of activity against a nisin-producing strain; and by seeing a total loss of activity after the reaction of purified bacteriocins with glutathione.
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) gene is a structural gene responsible for the multiple influences of IGFs system.
The major structural gene of the 28-kb PEDV genome encodes the multifunctional virulence factor, spike (S), which is responsible for viral receptor binding, induction of neutralizing antibodies, and host cell fusion.
These results were confirmed by amplifying the nisin structural gene using PCR; by a lack of activity against a nisin-producing strain; and by a total loss of activity after the reaction of purified bacteriocins with glutathione.
Localization of the human *-globin structural gene to chromosome 16 in somatic cell hybrids by molecular hybridization assay.
Restricted structural gene polymorphism in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex indicates evolutionary recent global dissemination.
- two identical copies of a structural gene sequence, one in the sense orientation and the other in the antisense orientation, each under the control of a separate promoter operable in animal cells

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