structural linguistics


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structural linguistics

n. (used with a sing. verb)
A method of synchronic linguistic analysis employing structuralism, especially in demonstrating contrasts between formal structures, such as different phonemes or sentence structures, that make up systems, such as phonology or syntax.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

structural linguistics

n
(Linguistics) (functioning as singular) a descriptive approach to a synchronic or diachronic analysis of language on the basis of its structure as reflected by irreducible units of phonological, morphological, and semantic features
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

struc′tural linguis′tics


n.
a usu. synchronic approach to language study in which a language is analyzed as a network of formal systems, each composed of elements defined in terms of their contrasts with other elements in the system.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.structural linguistics - linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse
linguistics - the scientific study of language
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conventional sociolinguistics draws on the same ideological vision of the world as structural linguistics and societal functionalism, says Tirvassen, in that its basic unit of analysis is the system: language, language varieties, and even the speech community conceived as systems.
He received a PhD in Structural Linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1961.
However, it is also true that the increase in ECLA levels is statistically significant mostly because of the increase in the linguistic/sociolinguistic component of the survey: students with introductory linguistic training seem to experience a statistically significant improvement in their knowledge of structural linguistics and sociolinguistics concepts during that semester, and they maintain this knowledge.
Structural linguistics had entailed the isolation of the study of language from its relationships with mind and world through the classical distinction made by Saussure between langue and parole.
The Poststructuralist Feminist criticism borrowing largely from structural linguistics as propounded by the likes of M.A.K.
As implied in the phrase "visual language," Atac employs a method of visual analysis inspired by linguistics--specifically, the tradition of structural linguistics initiated in 1916 by Ferdinand de Saussure's Cours de linguistique generale.
He argues that Derrida, following Levi-Strauss and Foucault, insists "that we can and must undermine all philosophical systems, with the help of structural linguistics. But he [Derrida] goes on to argue that the reverse is also true: we must undermine any scheme that would base itself on structural linguistics, with the help of philosophical language and philosophical texts.
Mythologies might be a distinct branch of knowledge, like poetics, rhetorics, physics open for technical analysis, one such methodology being provided by Levi-Strauss on the model of structural linguistics. But what new method does the author actually provide excepting the view that myth can be studied both as poetical fiction and performance speech act that belong to two different branches of knowledge--poetics and pragmatics?
From macroeconomics to technology studies to structural linguistics to philosophy and cultural theory, he samples representative works to outline the history and contemporary characteristics of each of the five forces shaping postsecondary education industry.
"I think you're being subtly insulting," he suggests after Philip turns his fascination with structural linguistics to Braham's choice of words.
The chapters that follow pursue a fascinating zigzag path that leads us through John Mitchell's "ley lines" and Atlantis (an atemporal topos closely allied to that of /Egypt); the "reactualization" of Giordano Bruno's worldview in the work of Dame Frances Yates and the consequent "magical" aspect of her comparative methodology; a comparison of Bruno's epistemology with that of structural linguistics; a decidedly eccentric but nevertheless brilliant reading of John Dee's Hieroglyphic Monad in terms of the ritual ontology of Japanese Noh theatre ("We need a new perspective," writes Lehrich); and an account of Athanasius Kirchner as a precursor of the comparative and structural tradition.
Psychoanalytic theories, Marxism, structural linguistics and other alleged or actual sciences have also been used to make scientific claims for literary study.

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