A insatisfacao com a imagem corporal foi avaliada por meio da escala de silhuetas de Stunkard
O teste Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) ou Teste de Atitudes Alimentares (Stunkard
e colaboradores, 1986) e composto por 26 questoes sob que serao respondidas como: Sempre, normalmente, frequentemente, algumas vezes, raramente e nunca.
Alem disso, foram realizados o Teste de Atitudes Alimentares (Eating Attitudes Test--EAT-26) (Garner e colaboradores, 1982), traduzido para o portugues por Nunes e colaboradores (1994), o Questionario sobre Imagem Corporal (Body Shape Questionnaire--BSQ-34) (Cooper e colaboradores, 1987), que foi traduzido para o portugues por Conti, Cordas e Latorre (2009) e a escala de silhuetas (Stunkard
, Sorenson, Schlusinger, 1983).
Jung and Forbes (2007) measured body shape perception using the modified Stunkard
Figure Rating Scale (Stunkard
, Sorensen, & Schulsinger, 1983), which consists of seven images of silhouettes of boys and girls, each corresponding to an increase in shape, from very thin (silhouette 1) to obese (silhouette 7).
It is difficult to prove no such effect; however, a large number of studies do not find any evidence of this (Sorensen, Hoist, and Stunkard
1992; Vogler et al.
is a veteran photo journalist and author as well as a lifelong Mopar aficionado.
The background to BED lies in the research conducted by Stunkard
(1959), in which he identified the presence of what he called "night eating syndrome", understood as episodes of consuming large amounts of food in a rapid, uncontrolled way until a point of physical discomfort is reached, followed by feelings of guilt, remorse, or self-loathing, without compensatory behaviors, followed by the restriction of food in the morning, all in obese patients under treatment for weight control.
, "Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature," Psychological Bulletin, vol.
This conscious control of eating behavior that is often referred to as cognitive dietary restraint (CDR) is in line with the definition proposed by Stunkard
and Messick when they developed the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) .
A avaliacao da satisfacao corporal foi realizada por meio da Escala de Silhuetas de Stunkard
's Hemi: A History of Chrysler's Iconic V-8 in Competition (9781613251881, $39.95) is recommended for auto buffs who harbor a special affection for the Hemi v-8 engine, and provides a lively, photo-filled history of how Chrysler developed the engine that came to dominate various race car competitions over the years.
To evaluate body image perception, the Figure Rating Scale (FRS; also known as the Stunkard
Scale), (9) validated in Brazil by Scagliusi et al.