Stylohyoid


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Related to Stylohyoid: sternohyoid, thyrohyoid, mylohyoid, geniohyoid

Sty`lo`hy´oid


a.1.(Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid process and the hyoid bone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cervical spine radiographs revealed complete bilateral ossification of the stylohyoid ligaments as well as advanced ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (flowing hyperostosis) throughout the cervical and upper thoracic spine, abutting and displacing the prevertebral soft-tissues (Figures 1-3).
The styloid process gives origin to stylohyoid, styloglossus and stylopharyngeus muscles and attachment to the stylohyoid and stylomandibular ligaments.
These scholars have identified a complex of muscles that considered key to the mechanism of swallowing, they are: higher pharyngeal constrictor, palatopharyngeal, palatoglossus, posterior intrinsic muscles of the tongue, styloglossus, stylohyoid, genius-hyoid and mylohyoid.
The most common disorders of equine guttural pouches are empyema, tympany, mycosis and stylohyoid arthropathy (Hardy and Leveile, 2003).
Symptomatic elongation of styloid process or mineralization of stylohyoid ligament is referred to as Eagle's syndrome, which usually presents as a vague head and neck pain radiating to jaws, pharyngodynia, difficulty in swallowing, dysphagia, otalgia, and sensation of foreign body in throat leading to wide range of differential diagnosis.
Computed tomography (CT) of the neck with 3-dimensional reconstruction images was then obtained, which indicated that the patient had bilateral calcified stylohyoid ligaments to the level of the hyoid bone, with no other pathologic findings (figures 1 and 2).
Eagle syndrome is a rare condition where elongated temporal styloid processes or calcified stylohyoid ligaments are in conflict with the adjacent anatomical structures giving rise to a complex range of symptoms including otalgia dysphagia foreign body sensation in throat pain along carotid artery distribution and others.
The digastric muscles are strap muscles with two constricting bellies that start just medial to and inferior to the TMJ on the stylohyoid process.
Anatomical structures include a prominent pterygoid hamulus, large maxillary tuberosity, displaced third molar tooth or an elongated styloid process due to calcification of the stylohyoid ligament (Eagle's syndrome) (3).
Eagle's Syndrome is a rare clinical condition, which often presents with recurrent pain in the oropharynx and face, foreign body sensation in the throat, dysphagia and referred otalgia due to an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament.
Hyoid: calcification of the stylohyoid ligament has been postulated to cause difficult laryngoscopy but the evidence is conflicting.