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sub-(word root) under, below, beneath
1. Nautical A submarine.
2. A submarine sandwich.
sub 2(sŭb) Informal
v. subbed, sub·bing, subs
To act as a substitute: a graduate student subbing for the professor.
1. To put or use (a person or thing) as a substitute: The coach subbed fresh players toward the end of the game. The cook subbed oil for butter.
2. Usage Problem To replace; substitute: The player was subbed after she committed two errors. Sub the chicken with tofu to make the dish vegetarian. See Usage Note at substitute.
1. short for several words beginning with sub-. See subaltern, subeditor, submarine, subordinate, subscription, substandard, substitute, substratum6
2. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) informal Brit an advance payment of wages or salary. Formal term: subsistence allowance
vb, subs, subbing or subbed
3. (intr) to serve as a substitute
4. (intr) informal to act as a substitute (for)
5. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) informal Brit to grant or receive (an advance payment of wages or salary)
6. (Journalism & Publishing) (tr) informal short for subedit
7. (Photography) (tr) photog to apply a substratum to (a film or plate base)
sport utility bike: a bicycle capable of carrying passengers or cargo
n., v. subbed, sub•bing. n.
1. a submarine.
2. a substitute.
3. a submarine sandwich.
4. a sublieutenant.
5. a subordinate.
6. a subaltern.v.i.
7. to act as a substitute for another.
[1695–1705; by shortening of words prefixed with sub-]
1. a prefix, occurring orig. in loanwords from Latin, with the meanings “under,” “below,” “beneath” (subsoil; subway), “just outside of,” “near” (subalpine; subtropical), “less than,” “not quite” (subhuman; suboscine; subteen), “secondary,” “at a lower point in a hierarchy” (subcommittee; subplot).
2.For variants before following consonants in Latin loanwords, see su-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-2, sus-.
a. a prefix used in the names of chemical compounds that are bases.
b. a prefix used in the names of compounds in which an element is present in a relatively small proportion: suboxide.
[< Latin, prefixal form of sub (preposition); akin to Greek hypó; see hypo-]
Past participle: subbed
short for several words eg submarine, ~subscription etc. He's the commander of a sub; Several people still haven't paid their subs.
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|Noun||1.||sub - a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States|
hero sandwich, hoagie, hoagy, Italian sandwich, poor boy, Cuban sandwich, grinder, submarine sandwich, zep, torpedo, wedge, submarine, bomber, hero
sandwich - two (or more) slices of bread with a filling between them
|2.||sub - a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes|
attack submarine - a military submarine designed and armed to attack enemy shipping
auxiliary research submarine - a submarine for research purposes
conning tower - a raised bridge on a submarine; often used for entering and exiting
escape hatch - hatchway that provides a means of escape in an emergency
fleet ballistic missile submarine - a submarine carrying ballistic missiles
nautilus, nuclear submarine, nuclear-powered submarine - a submarine that is propelled by nuclear power
periscope - an optical instrument that provides a view of an otherwise obstructed field
schnorchel, schnorkel, snorkel breather, breather, snorkel - air passage provided by a retractable device containing intake and exhaust pipes; permits a submarine to stay submerged for extended periods of time
asdic, echo sounder, sonar - a measuring instrument that sends out an acoustic pulse in water and measures distances in terms of the time for the echo of the pulse to return; "sonar is an acronym for sound navigation ranging"; "asdic is an acronym for antisubmarine detection investigation committee"
|Verb||1.||sub - be a substitute; "The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague"; "The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet"|
která začínají sub-zkratka pro některá slova
undir-; neîan-; áskrift
adj attr → unter Wasser; sub club → Taucherklub m
adj → Unterwasser-
adj → subarktisch
adj particle → subatomar
n → Subkategorie f, → Untergruppe f
n → Unterabteilung f
vti → unterteilen
n → Unterausschuss m
n (US Aut) → Kleinstwagen m
adv → im Unterbewusstsein
n → Subkontinent m
vt → (vertraglich) weitervergeben (→ to an +acc)
n → Nebenvertrag m, → Untervertrag m
n → Unterkontrahent(in) m(f), → Subunternehmer(in) m(f)
n → Subkultur f
adj → subkutan
n (Comput) → Unterverzeichnis nt
n → Subdominante f
adj sub chord → Subdominantakkord m
vti (esp Brit) → redigieren
n (esp Brit) → Redakteur(in) m(f)
n (Book-keeping) → Nebenposten m
n (esp Biol) → Unterfamilie f
n (of car) → Zwischenrahmen m, → Nebenrahmen m
n (of road etc) → Unterbau m
subhead (inf), subheading
n → Untertitel m
n (= contract, on farm etc) → Unterpachtvertrag m → (on für); (on house etc) → Untermietvertrag m → (on für); they have a sub on that house → das Haus ist an sie untervermietet worden
n (of house) → Untermieter(in) m(f); (of land) → Unterpächter(in) m(f)
n (of house) → Untervermieter(in) m(f); (of land) → Unterverpächter(in) m(f)
sublet pret, ptp <sublet>
vt house, room → unter- or weitervermieten (→ to an +acc)
vi → untervermieten
n → Untervermietung f
adj → subpolar
n (Brit) → Poststellenleiter(in) m(f)
n (Brit) → Poststelle f
n → Untergrund m
adj → Unterschall-; sub speed → Unterschallgeschwindigkeit f
n → Unterart f, → Subspezies f