sub-surface

sub-surface

n
the layer just below the surface of water, the earth, etc
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Grain crop productivity can be affected by surface and sub-surface water, and coming workshops in Western Australias southern cropping regions will demonstrate how growers can make a positive difference through on-farm management.
"The Commission says it became apparent that there were no human remains buried there and, indeed, that there had been no previous sub-surface disturbance.
Arif Alvi on March 20 said that Pakistan had been blessed with plenty of surface and sub-surface water resources.
The sub-surface information of many oil and gas fields is insufficient to develop shale gas exploration.
In cases of water logging, pipes are used to drain out the water as sub-surface drainage.
RSNF Commander General Al-Ghufaili said that this type of aircraft has the latest military technology and is characterized by the high combat capabilities of surface and sub-surface wars, which enhances the capabilities of the Royal Saudi Naval Forces to meet all challenges and threats in the region and to contribute in partnership with the naval forces of other countries to enhance maritime security in the region.
One suggests that the material was exposed to the surface from a shallow, sub-surface reservoir of mineral-laden water, while the other indicates that salt-rich liquid water from deeper parts of the planet emerged through vents and evaporate, leaving just the bright carbonate deposits behind.
Through detailed sub-surface studies and scenario optimization, OKEA aims to establish an integrated service delivery model that will allow for the construction and service of wells throughout the fields' lifecycle.
This will include the upgrading of its naval bases and facilities to accommodate additional floating and sub-surface naval assets that the Navy is eyeing to procure in the future, he said.
Together, they promote maximum data mining between surface and sub-surface anomalies.
These additions include alterations to the Mineral Extraction Tax (MET), bonuses imposed on new sub-surface users for signing E&P agreements and for the commercial discoveries, the rent tax on exports (RTE), capital allowances for the CIT and EPT, provisions for tax losses relating to sub-surface use, and the crude oil export duty (see the background of the PSA and the EPT and their implications for operators and Astana in gmt4KazE&P-July23-12).
The Otis provides high-resolution, real-time imaging of the periphery of excised tissue, enabling clinicians to visualise sub-surface structures up to 2 mm below the surface.