subaltern


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sub·al·tern

 (sŭb-ôl′tərn, sŭb′əl-tûrn′)
n.
1. A person who is lower in position or rank; a subordinate.
2.
a. A person who is marginalized and oppressed by the dominant culture, especially in a colonial context.
b. Such people considered as a group.
3. Chiefly British An officer holding a military rank just below that of captain.
4. Logic A particular proposition that follows from a universal with the same subject, predicate, and quality.

[French subalterne, from Old French, from Late Latin subalternus : Latin sub-, sub- + Latin alternus, alternate (from alter, other; see al- in Indo-European roots).]

sub·al′tern adj.

subaltern

(ˈsʌbəltən)
n
1. (Military) a commissioned officer below the rank of captain in certain armies, esp the British
2. a person of inferior rank or position
3. (Logic) logic
a. the relation of one proposition to another when the first is implied by the second, esp the relation of a particular to a universal proposition
b. (as modifier): a subaltern relation.
adj
of inferior position or rank
[C16: from Late Latin subalternus, from Latin sub- + alternus alternate, from alter the other]

sub•al•tern

(sʌbˈɔl tərn or, esp. for 3,6, ˈsʌb əlˌtɜrn)
n.
1. a person who has a subordinate position.
2. a commissioned officer in the British army below the rank of captain.
3. Logic. a particular proposition inferred from a corresponding universal proposition.
adj.
4. lower in rank; subordinate.
[1575–85; < Late Latin subalternus= Latin sub- sub- + alternus alternate]
sub`al•ter′ni•ty, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.subaltern - a British commissioned army officer below the rank of captain
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
commissioned military officer - a commissioned officer in the Army or Air Force or Marine Corps
Adj.1.subaltern - inferior in rank or status; "the junior faculty"; "a lowly corporal"; "petty officialdom"; "a subordinate functionary"
junior - younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service

subaltern

adjective
Below another in standing or importance:
Informal: smalltime.
noun
One belonging to a lower class or rank:
Translations
ذو مَرْكِز أو رُتْبَه ثانويَّه
nižší důstojník
undirforingi
jaunesnysis karininkas
jaunākais virsnieks
nižší dôstojník
ast rütbeli subay

subaltern

[ˈsʌbltən] N (Brit) (Mil) → alférez mf

subaltern

n (Brit, Mil) → Subalternoffizier(in) m(f)

subaltern

[ˈsʌbltn] n (Mil) → subalterno

subaltern

(ˈsabltən) , ((American) səˈbo:ltərn) noun
an officer in the army under the rank of captain.
References in classic literature ?
My father knew a subaltern officer of that name when he was with his regiment in Canada.
Even the very place of his captivity was uncertain, and his fate but very imperfectly known to the generality of his subjects, who were, in the meantime, a prey to every species of subaltern oppression.
I think I was a good, prompt subaltern, and I am very sure that Hands was an excellent pilot, for we went about and about and dodged in, shaving the banks, with a certainty and a neatness that were a pleasure to behold.
I told him, "that in the kingdom of Tribnia, (3) by the natives called Langdon, (4) where I had sojourned some time in my travels, the bulk of the people consist in a manner wholly of discoverers, witnesses, informers, accusers, prosecutors, evidences, swearers, together with their several subservient and subaltern instruments, all under the colours, the conduct, and the pay of ministers of state, and their deputies.
She was an extraordinarily beautiful girl, Margaret Devereux, and made all the men frantic by running away with a penniless young fellow-- a mere nobody, sir, a subaltern in a foot regiment, or something of that kind.
You receive 1,500 francs per annum for your services here -- more than many a brave subaltern, who continually risks his life for his country, obtains.
Although I am only a tutor--a kind of subaltern, Mr.
As it might be about five o'clock in the afternoon, the masters had dined: supper was being prepared for twenty subaltern guests.
The safest plan is never to tread on a worm--not even on the last new subaltern from Home, with his buttons hardly out of their tissue paper, and the red of sappy English beef in his cheeks.
She had jilted them all - from Basset-Holmer the senior captain to little Mildred the junior subaltern, who could have given her four thousand a year and a title.
Allowing for duty-men and sick, the Regiment was one thousand and eighty strong, and Bobby belonged to them; for was he not a Subaltern of the Line, - the whole Line and nothing but the Line, - as the tramp of two thousand one hundred and sixty sturdy ammunition boots attested?
The object of never deceiving oneself, monseigneur; nor being wanting in the respect which a subaltern owes to his superior officers, nor infringing the duties of a service one has accepted of one's own free will.