This was plainly a subaverage
Ladbrokes Trophy, being low on both quality and quantity.
[T]o demonstrate that he is intellectually disabled for Eighth Amendment purposes and therefore exempt from execution, an applicant must prove by a preponderance of the evidence that: (1) he suffers from significantly subaverage
general intellectual functioning, generally shown by an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 70 or less; (2) his significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning is accompanied by related and significant limitations in adaptive functioning; and (3) the onset of the above two characteristics occurred before the age of eighteen.
It is characterized by significantly subaverage
intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with related limitations in two or more of the following applicable adaptive skill areas: Communication, self-care, home living, social skills, community use, self-direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure and work (4).
(156) The statute only defines intellectual disability as the "condition of significantly subaverage
general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior." (157) No mention is made of precise cutoff points, and subsequent court rulings have acknowledged Hall's mandate against the use of IQ scores as gatekeepers for intellectual disability defenses.
(117) The Florida statute defined intellectual disability as "significantly subaverage
general intellectual functioning existing concurrency with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the period from conception to 18." (118) Petitioner Freddie Lee Hall ("Hall") filed a motion to stay his execution due to his intellectual disability, in response to the Atkins decision.
The Florida statute at issue defined "significantly subaverage
general intellectual functioning" as "performance that is two or more standard deviations from the mean score on a standardized intelligence test"--i.e.
intellectual functioning, but also significant limitations in
(ii) State of significantly subaverage
general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with a defect of adaptive behavior that developed during the developmental period; or
It said a finding of mental retardation required proof of three things: "subaverage
intellectual functioning,'' meaning low IQ scores; a lack of fundamental social and practical skills; and the presence of both conditions before age 18.
As used in this rule, the term "[begin strikethrough]mental retardation[end strikethrough]intellectual disability" means significantly subaverage
general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the period from conception to age 18.
Since the variation of probabilities of crossover and mutation depends on the fitness value of the solutions, the solutions with high fitness value are protected, and the solutions with subaverage
fitness are disrupted to reproduce good ones.
general intellectual functioning