generally owing to their ethnic or ideological traits; second, colonial subjectship
, reserved chiefly for territorial inhabitants declared racially ineligible for citizenship; third, second-class citizenship, usually understood as required by improvident grants of formal citizenship to races not capable of exercising it, and as the proper status of women; and fourth, full citizenship, including voting rights.
The idea of birthright subjectship is derived from feudal law.
Like the idea of citizenship, this right of expatriation is wholly incompatible with the common law understanding of perpetual allegiance and subjectship.
Birthright citizenship, as Blackstone explains, is a feudal doctrine, the ground of subjectship
, not citizenship; it requires perpetual allegiance.
To bolster this argument, which is based primarily on contemporary accounts rather than statistical data, she points out that British officials tried mightily to deter emigration, warning prospective migrants of the imminent collapse of the American republics, banning the departure of skilled mechanics, and defining British subjectship
as perpetual, a status that could be dissolved only by treason.
the very idea that nation equates with family, the school trains for subjectship
rather than citizenship.
The state disregarded ethnic heterogeneity of the population and attributed Japanese subjectship
to minority groups such as the Burakumin, Okinawans, and the Ainu, who had long been differentiated on the basis of racial and ethnic origins.
The Japanese thought they saw the concept they named shutaisei everywhere in Western intellectual discourse: individualism, democracy, liberalism, libertarianism, subject, subjectship
, subjectivism, and libertinism flourished without bound.
The ferocity of rulership and the submission of subjectship in the early state can only be understood if they are seen as the transposition into social life of these unconscious strivings and terrors.
What is the source of the pleasures of rulership and the submission of subjectship that we take for granted?