No landmine or cluster submunition
casualties were reported in Kosovo in 2006.
(a) A munition or submunition
designed to dispense flares, smoke pyrotechnics or chaff; a munition designed exclusively for an air defense role;
The United Nations Mine Action Coordination Center found the following types of American made cluster bomb submunitions
: 559 M-42's, an anti-personnel bomblet that is used in 105-millimeter artillery shells, 663 M-77's, a type of submunition
found in M-26 rockets, and 5 BLU-63's, a type of bomblet found in CBU-26 cluster bombs.
Sensor-Fuzed Weapon (CBU 97/B): An air-launched anti-armor weapon system, each dispenser contains ten BLU-108/B submunitions
. Each submunition
carries four SKEET anti-armor warheads.
The weapon can be configured to carry one of two types of warheads at a time: a 1,000-pound blast/fragmentary unitary warhead, and a general-purpose submunition
dispenser with combined-effect bomblets.
An internal fuse tells each submunition
when to detonate--either "above ground, at impact, or in a delayed mode." (35) Submunitions
generally have an anti-tank, anti-material, or anti-personnel function.
The antiarmor submunition
, known as the Bat, is a 36-inch-long 5.5-inch-diameter unpowered projectile that uses a nose-mounted infrared sensor and four spike-borne acoustic sensors to home in on ground targets.
Eight-year-old Ali Abbas Maatouk was killed and another child injured when the cluster bomb submunition
detonated as they played in the village of Toul in Nabatieh.
The CBU-58 cluster bomb and BLU-63 submunition
were developed by the US during the Vietnam War and are designed to attack personnel and lightly protected materiel.
Other developments were 30-mm depleted-uranium ammunition, submunition
dispensers producing uniform area coverage to compensate for delivery errors, and sensor-fuzed submunitions
that rotate to scan the ground as they fall.
, known as CBU-105/BLU-108, has a 0.4 percent failure rate, which equals to a 99.6 reliability rate, Greene said.
remnant indicate they were produced in 2007.