As expected, the two LCs Barbela and Barbela 0248 were closely related, the latter being considered as a subrace
of Barbela, a very old Portuguese LC showing impressively wide adaptation to different environments, in particular high acid soil and drought tolerance.
On the other hand, Subrace M1 already presents some of the highest yield potential in bush beans.
Most small-seeded landraces from the Andean zone and the Caribbean clustered with the Central American Subrace M2.
One of the best examples has to be Bruce Sterling's Schismatrix (1985), a novel in which two different philosophies of posthuman evolution have given rise to two distinct races: the Shapers, who believe in using biological/genetic techniques to modify their bodies (and who themselves end up branching into subraces
), and the Mechanists, who only use non-biological implants and augmentations.
The "white" (that is, European) race was divided, they believed, into three subraces
: Nordic, Alpine, and Mediterranean.
It is mostly among the subraces
of Europe that we observe these dreadful outbursts of the bellicose instinct, in which everyone can only think of the most deadly and expeditious way to render powerless and dominate an adversary, who has become an implacable enemy (Equality 380).
Race becomes a set of subdivisions in which certain races are classified as "good," fit, and superior, (Stoler 1995:84), while subraces
that are considered "excess" or classified as dangerous to the aggregate population can be contained and/or eliminated.
Relationship between chromosomal races/ subraces
in the brachypterous grasshopper Podisma sapporensis (Orthoptera: Acrididae) inferred from mitochondrial ND2 and COI gene sequences.
Society's division into White, Black, and Indian and considered biologically and culturally distinct races, did not generate synthesis but a subdivision of crossbred and distinct subraces
classified as caboclo, mulato, mameluco, cafusos, etc.
For instance, sensitive eyes will sting at the sight of such subheadings as 'Racially exotic immigration', 'Europoid subraces
' or the musing that socialism, another 'European great idea', led to catastrophe in Russia when it was 'applied in despotic, perhaps Asian extremes' (pp.
Extension of longevity in Drosophila mojavensis by environmental ethanol: difference between subraces
. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA.
By the early 1960s, Race A and B resistance genes were defeated by the emergence of Race M, purportedly, a complex of 17 to 22 highly virulent subraces
(Petrov, 1968; Melero-Vara et al., 1989).