subspontaneous

subspontaneous

(ˌsʌbspɒnˈteɪnɪəs)
adj
(Botany) (of a plant species, such as rhododendron) spreading naturally after having originally been introduced
References in periodicals archive ?
According to [4], it appears in subspontaneous form in the Sahara, between Djebel Ouarkziz and the Hamada of Tindouf (Algeria), in humid microhabitats.
Today semi-wild, or subspontaneous, stands of African oil palm dominate the area as secondary vegetation in the Atlantic forest (mata atlantica) biome.
Unable to unravel a purely 'natural' provenance from anthropogenic influence, scientists describe oil palm populations with equivocations such as 'semi-wild' and 'subspontaneous'.
Elsewhere in the circum-Caribbean, including Cuba, Dominica, Haiti, Guadeloupe, Guiana, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Garifuna Central America, subspontaneous African oil palms persist in small numbers, and modern linguistic analyses suggest centuries of use by Afro-descendants.
As we have seen, the subspontaneous range of the African oil palm extends from Senegambia to Angola, including the Atlantic island and European way station of Sao Tome; therefore palm oil and kernels were prominent in all the areas and ports frequented by European ships in the early colonial period.
Nevertheless, Bahia's Dende Coast remains the lone New World locale where a dense and distinct landscape of subspontaneous Elaeis guineensis developed.
The vernacular for subspontaneous oil palm groves in Bahia is fields 'planted by vultures (urubu)', and the phrase is common even in Brazilian scientific literature.
Fruits of native, subspontaneous or naturalized and exotic plant species were collected at monthly intervals between Feb 2006 and Aug 2007 in urban and rural areas of each of the 5 municipalities.
N N = native species, E = exotic species, SS = subspontaneous. TABLE 2.
Six years after completing a first assessment of the exotic subspontaneous flora of continental Portugal (Almeida, 1999a; Almeida & Freitas, 2000, 2001), we present a reassessment of our previous work.
As we have written before (Almeida & Freitas, 2000, 2001), the expansion of subspontaneous or exotic invasive plants is threatening the Portuguese native flora, becoming a severe environmental problem.
Thus, there is an urgent need to enhance the base of the germplasm for future breeding and improvement programs by launching collection missions of wild and subspontaneous teas.