judgment

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judg·ment

also judge·ment  (jŭj′mənt)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of judging; the formation of an opinion after consideration or deliberation.
b. An opinion or estimate formed after consideration or deliberation, especially a formal or authoritative decision: awaited the judgment of the umpire.
2.
a. The mental ability to perceive and distinguish relationships; discernment: Fatigue may affect a pilot's judgment of distances.
b. The capacity to form an opinion by distinguishing and evaluating: His judgment of fine music is impeccable.
c. The capacity to assess situations or circumstances and draw sound conclusions; good sense: She showed good judgment in saving her money. See Synonyms at reason.
3. Law
a. A determination of a court of law; a judicial decision.
b. A court decision establishing that an obligation is owed, such as a debt.
4. A misfortune believed to be sent by God as punishment for sin.
5. Judgment The Last Judgment.

[Middle English jugement, from Old French, from jugier, to judge, from Latin iūdicāre; see judge.]

judgment

(ˈdʒʌdʒmənt) or

judgement

n
1. the faculty of being able to make critical distinctions and achieve a balanced viewpoint; discernment
2. (Law)
a. the decision or verdict pronounced by a court of law
b. an obligation arising as a result of such a decision or verdict, such as a debt
c. the document recording such a decision or verdict
d. (as modifier): a judgment debtor.
3. the formal decision of one or more judges at a contest or competition
4. a particular decision or opinion formed in a case in dispute or doubt
5. an estimation: a good judgment of distance.
6. criticism or censure
7. (Logic) logic
a. the act of establishing a relation between two or more terms, esp as an affirmation or denial
b. the expression of such a relation
8. against one's better judgment contrary to a more appropriate or preferred course of action
9. (Law) sit in judgment
a. to preside as judge
b. to assume the position of critic
10. (Law) to preside as judge
11. to assume the position of critic
12. in someone's judgment in someone's opinion

Judgment

(ˈdʒʌdʒmənt)
n
1. (Theology) the estimate by God of the ultimate worthiness or unworthiness of the individual (the Particular Judgment) or of all mankind (the General Judgment or Last Judgment)
2. (Theology) God's subsequent decision determining the final destinies of all individuals

judg•ment

(ˈdʒʌdʒ mənt)

n.
1. an act or instance of judging.
2. the ability to judge, make a decision, or form an opinion objectively or wisely; good sense; discernment.
3. the demonstration or exercise of such capacity.
4. the forming of an opinion, estimate, notion, or conclusion, as from circumstances presented to the mind.
5. the opinion formed.
6.
a. a judicial decision given by a judge or court.
b. the obligation, esp. a debt, arising from a judicial decision.
c. the certificate embodying such a decision.
7. a misfortune regarded as inflicted by divine sentence, as for sin.
8. (usu. cap.) Last Judgment.
Also, esp. Brit., judge′ment.
[1250–1300; < Old French jugement]

judgment

The official determination by a court of the rights and claims of the parties to a lawsuit litigated before it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.judgment - an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind"
conclusion, decision, determination - a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration; "a decision unfavorable to the opposition"; "his conclusion took the evidence into account"; "satisfied with the panel's determination"
opinion, persuasion, sentiment, thought, view - a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty; "my opinion differs from yours"; "I am not of your persuasion"; "what are your thoughts on Haiti?"
2.judgment - the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or eventjudgment - the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; "they criticized my judgment of the contestants"
human action, human activity, act, deed - something that people do or cause to happen
justice - judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments
adjudication - the final judgment in a legal proceeding; the act of pronouncing judgment based on the evidence presented
disapproval - the act of disapproving or condemning
evaluation, rating - act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of
estimate, estimation - a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody; "many factors are involved in any estimate of human life"; "in my estimation the boy is innocent"
logistic assessment - a judgment of the logistic support required for some particular military operation
value judgement, value judgment - an assessment that reveals more about the values of the person making the assessment than about the reality of what is assessed
3.judgment - (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
due process, due process of law - (law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles; based on the principle that a person cannot be deprived of life or liberty or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards
reversal - a judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and should be set aside
affirmation - a judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was correct and should stand
cognovit judgement, cognovit judgment, confession of judgement, confession of judgment - a judgment entered after a written confession by the debtor without the expense of ordinary legal proceedings
default judgement, default judgment, judgement by default, judgment by default - a judgment entered in favor of the plaintiff when the defendant defaults (fails to appear in court)
non pros, non prosequitur - a judgment entered in favor of the defendant when the plaintiff has not continued his action (e.g., has not appeared in court)
final decision, final judgment - a judgment disposing of the case before the court; after the judgment (or an appeal from it) is rendered all that remains is to enforce the judgment
judgement in personam, judgment in personam, personal judgement, personal judgment - a judgment rendered against an individual (or corporation) for the payment of money damages
judgement in rem, judgment in rem - a judgment pronounced on the status of some particular subject or property or thing (as opposed to one pronounced on persons)
dismissal, judgement of dismissal, judgment of dismissal - a judgment disposing of the matter without a trial
judgement on the merits, judgment on the merits - judgment rendered through analysis and adjudication of the factual issues presented
judgement on the pleadings, judgment on the pleadings, summary judgement, summary judgment - a judgment rendered by the court prior to a verdict because no material issue of fact exists and one party or the other is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law
arbitrament, arbitrement, arbitration - the act of deciding as an arbiter; giving authoritative judgment; "they submitted their disagreement to arbitration"
ruling, opinion - the reason for a court's judgment (as opposed to the decision itself)
finding - the decision of a court on issues of fact or law
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
4.judgment - the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusionsjudgment - the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
deciding, decision making - the cognitive process of reaching a decision; "a good executive must be good at decision making"
prejudgement, prejudgment - a judgment reached before the evidence is available
5.judgment - the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decisionjudgment - the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"
legal document, legal instrument, official document, instrument - (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
concurring opinion - an opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning
dissenting opinion - an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case
majority opinion - the opinion joined by a majority of the court (generally known simply as `the opinion')
fatwah - (Islam) a legal opinion or ruling issued by an Islamic scholar; "bin Laden issued three fatwahs calling upon Muslims to take up arms against the United States"
dictum, obiter dictum - an opinion voiced by a judge on a point of law not directly bearing on the case in question and therefore not binding
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
6.judgment - the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusionsjudgment - the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
trait - a distinguishing feature of your personal nature
objectiveness, objectivity - judgment based on observable phenomena and uninfluenced by emotions or personal prejudices
subjectiveness, subjectivity - judgment based on individual personal impressions and feelings and opinions rather than external facts
7.judgment - the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations
eye - good discernment (either visually or as if visually); "she has an eye for fresh talent"; "he has an artist's eye"
common sense, good sense, gumption, horse sense, mother wit, sense - sound practical judgment; "Common sense is not so common"; "he hasn't got the sense God gave little green apples"; "fortunately she had the good sense to run away"
judiciousness - good judgment
circumspection, discreetness, discretion, prudence - knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress; "the servants showed great tact and discretion"
indiscreetness, injudiciousness - lacking good judgment
sapience, wisdom - ability to apply knowledge or experience or understanding or common sense and insight

judgment

noun
1. opinion, view, estimate, belief, assessment, conviction, diagnosis, valuation, deduction, appraisal In your judgement, what has changed over the past few years?
2. verdict, finding, result, ruling, decision, sentence, conclusion, determination, decree, order, arbitration, adjudication, pronouncement The Court is expected to give its judgement within the next ten days.
against your better judgment reluctantly, grudgingly, unwillingly, with reservation, in spite of yourself Against my better judgement, I agreed.
Quotations
"'Tis with our judgments as our watches: none"
"Go just alike, yet each believes his own" [Alexander Pope Essay on Criticism]

judgment

also judgement
noun
1. A position arrived at by reasoning from premises or general principles:
2. The ability to make sensible decisions:
Informal: gumption, horse sense.
3. The act or result of judging the worth or value of something or someone:
4. An authoritative or official decision, especially one made by a court:
5. A judicial decision, especially one setting the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted person:
Slang: rap.
Translations
حُكْم القاضيحُكْم، رأي، تَقْديرحُكْم، قَرار، تَقْديررأي
lahend
megítélés

judgment

[ˈdʒʌdʒmənt]
A. N
1. (Jur) (= decision) → sentencia f, fallo m; (= act) → juicio m
it's a judgment on youes un castigo
to pass or pronounce judgment (on sb/sth) (Jur) → pronunciar or dictar sentencia (sobre algn/en algo), emitir un fallo (sobre algn/algo) (fig) → emitir un juicio crítico (sobre algn/algo), dictaminar (sobre algn/algo)
to sit in judgment on sbdecidir sobre la culpabilidad de algn
to sit in judgment on sthjuzgar algo
Last JudgmentJuicio m Final
2. (= opinion) → opinión f, parecer m
a critical judgment of Audenun juicio crítico de Auden
3. (= understanding) → juicio m, criterio m
in my judgmenta mi juicio
to the best of my judgmentsegún mi leal saber y entender
against my better judgmenta pesar mío
to have good or sound judgmenttener buen juicio, tener buen criterio
she showed excellent judgment in choosing the colour schemedemostró tener buen gusto al escoger la combinación de colores
see also colour B3
B. CPD judgment call N (esp US) decisión que depende de la conciencia de cada uno
Judgment Day NDía m del Juicio Final
judgment seat Ntribunal m

judgment

[ˈdʒʌdʒmənt] judgement (British) n
(= opinion) → avis m
in my judgement → à mon avis
in your judgment → à votre avis
in our judgment → à notre avis
to form a judgement of sth → se faire une opinion de qch
to make a judgment on sth (= pronounce a judgment) → se prononcer sur qch
to make one's own judgment on sth (= decide) → se faire une opinion de qch
(= good sense) → jugement m
to respect sb's judgement → avoir confiance dans le jugement de qn
to question sb's judgement → mettre en doute le jugement de qn
an error of judgment → une erreur de jugement
to make an error of judgment → faire une erreur de jugement
against one's better judgment adv (= unwisely) → tout en sachant que c'est une erreur
I did it against my better judgment → Je l'ai fait tout en sachant que c'était une erreur.
(= verdict) [judge, court] → jugement m
to give judgement [court, judge] → rendre un jugement
to pass judgement on [+ accused] → prononcer un jugement sur
to pass judgement [judge] → prononcer un jugement; (gen)juger
to pass judgment on o.s. → se juger

judg(e)ment

n
(Jur) → (Gerichts)urteil nt; (Eccl) → Gericht nt, → Richterspruch m; (= divine punishment)Strafe fGottes; to await judgment (Jur) → auf sein or das Urteil warten; (Eccl) → auf das Gericht or den Richterspruch (Gottes) warten; the Day of Judg(e)mentder Tag des Jüngsten Gerichtes; to pass or give judgment (also fig)ein Urteil fällen, das Urteil sprechen (→ on über +acc); to sit in judgment on a caseRichter in einem Fall sein; to sit in judgment on somebodyüber jdn zu Gericht sitzen; (Jur also) → die Verhandlung über jdn führen; I don’t want to sit in judgment on youich möchte mich nicht zu Ihrem Richter aufspielen; it’s a judgment from abovedas ist die Strafe Gottes; it’s a judgment on him for being so lazydas ist die Strafe Gottes dafür, dass er so faul ist
(= opinion)Meinung f, → Ansicht f, → Urteil nt; (= moral judg(e)ment, value judg(e)ment)Werturteil nt; (= estimation: of distance, speed etc) → Einschätzung f; to give one’s judgment on somethingsein Urteil über etw (acc)abgeben, seine Meinung zu etw äußern; an error of judgmenteine falsche Einschätzung, eine Fehleinschätzung; in my judgmentmeines Erachtens, meiner Meinung nach; against one’s better judgmentgegen (sein) besseres Wissen, wider besseres Wissen
(= discernment)Urteilsvermögen nt; to show judgmentein gutes Urteilsvermögen beweisen or zeigen; it’s all a question of judgmentdas ist Ansichtssache

judg(e)ment

:
judg(e)ment call
n (esp US) → Gewissensentscheidung f; to make a judgmenteine Gewissensentscheidung treffen
Judg(e)ment Day
nTag mdes Jüngsten Gerichts
judg(e)ment seat
nGottes Richterstuhl m

judgment

judgement [ˈdʒʌdʒmənt] ngiudizio
error of judgement → errore m di valutazione
to pass judgement (on) (Law) → pronunciare una sentenza (nei confronti di) (fig) → giudicare
in my judgement → a mio giudizio
it's against my better judgement, but ... → non ne sono affatto convinto, ma...

judge

(dʒadʒ) verb
1. to hear and try (cases) in a court of law. Who will be judging this murder case?
2. to decide which is the best in a competition etc. Is she going to judge the singing competition again?; Who will be judging the vegetables at the flower show?; Who is judging at the horse show?
3. to consider and form an idea of; to estimate. You can't judge a man by his appearance; Watch how a cat judges the distance before it jumps; She couldn't judge whether he was telling the truth.
4. to criticize for doing wrong. We have no right to judge him – we might have done the same thing ourselves.
noun
1. a public officer who hears and decides cases in a law court. The judge asked if the jury had reached a verdict.
2. a person who decides which is the best in a competition etc. The judge's decision is final (= you cannot argue with the judge's decision); He was asked to be on the panel of judges at the beauty contest.
3. a person who is skilled at deciding how good etc something is. He says she's honest, and he's a good judge of character; He seems a very fine pianist to me, but I'm no judge.
ˈjudg(e)ment noun
1. the decision of a judge in a court of law. It looked as if he might be acquitted but the judgement went against him.
2. the act of judging or estimating. Faulty judgement in overtaking is a common cause of traffic accidents.
3. the ability to make right or sensible decisions. You showed good judgement in choosing this method.
4. (an) opinion. In my judgement, he is a very good actor.
judging from / to judge from
if one can use (something) as an indication. Judging from the sky, there'll be a storm soon.
pass judgement (on)
to criticize or condemn. Do not pass judgement (on others) unless you are perfect yourself.
References in periodicals archive ?
The court held, among other things, that the standard of proof required for issuance of a DNR order is clear and convincing evidence, and the applicable standard is the best interests of the child test rather than a substituted judgment standard.
Tackling his apparent role conflict requires addressing both substituted judgment and caregiver burden, and more importantly, connecting the two.
When the chains of bureaucracy obstruct the physician's ability to care for patients appropriately, the physician has an ethical duty to discard the chains and escape, to be free to practice according to the y physician's best clinical judgment, as opposed to the substituted judgment and whims of arrogant bureaucrats.
As Idziak writes, the preferred standard for proxy decision makers is the "principle of substituted judgment," in which the proxy is advised to advocate based on the "values and desires of the patient.
Substituted judgment directs that judges base their decisions on what the incompetent person would decide "if he or she were competent" (In re Moe, 1991, p.
To do otherwise is to risk slipping into the murky paternalism of substituted judgment.
Under the natural law view of informed consent, when patients can no longer choose for themselves (due, for example, to coma or dementia), one would not need to depend upon the elaborate fiction of substituted judgment to preserve their dignity.
175) In determining the patient's substituted judgment, the factors considered were the patient's expressed preferences, his religious beliefs relative to this type of decision, the impact on the patient's family, the probability of adverse side effects, the prognosis of the patient with and without treatment, and how the patient would view his present and future incompetence.
First, it examines why one of the standards employed by many courts facing this issue--the substituted judgment standard--is patently inappropriate for most situations of this nature.
In view of my medical training and current personal opinion, had I been on an ethical committee (granting there ever was one) advising the physician on this issue, I would--respecting my grandmother's autonomy as expressed by the substituted judgment of her surrogate agent and consistent with the principle of nonmaleficence--recommend that her life-support be disconnected and she be allowed to die in her own house, according to her wishes and life values.
Putting aside concerns about pregnancy, if severely disabled adults do not lose the right to refuse or accept medical care due to cognitive impairment (via substituted judgment and best interest standards of proxy decision-making), it seems logical that they also do not lose the right to refuse or accept the opportunity to engage in intimate contact with a spouse.
Courts and bioethicists have recognized three possible substantive standards for surrogate decisionmaking concerning end-of-life care: the best interests standard, the pure subjective standard, and the substituted judgment standard.