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 (sŭb′stĭ-to͞o′shən, -tyo͞o′-)
a. The act or process of substituting: the substitution of human workers with robots.
b. An instance of this: made several substitutions to the recipe.
2. One that is substituted; a substitute; a replacement: proposed drug therapy as a substitution for surgery.

sub′sti·tu′tion·al, sub′sti·tu′tion·ar′y adj.
sub′sti·tu′tion·al·ly adv.
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References in periodicals archive ?
I read with interest Mr Rhodes' daily column and I feel compelled to respond to his remark in the April 18 edition dismissing Christ's substitutionary death as nonsense.
"Since the existence of the fact of his admission of guilty of the crime' he committed, the substitutionary evidence presented by Sen.
the substitutionary evidence he presented is considered hearsay evidence and cannot be admitted," Alameda said in his order which was released yesterday.
done (offering Himself as a substitutionary sacrifice for sin and rising
These substance-disorder "relationships" become a sort of substitutionary nurturance--replacement of human relationships with behavioral--chemical ones.
Among the potentially disturbing elements found in the liturgical texts, she says, are those that "express an understanding of the saving work of God in Christ through the lens of substitutionary atonement," that "express an uncritical view of the salvific benefit of suffering," that describe "the sacrifice of Christ in physical terms that can be unsettling" and that "employ exclusive gender language for God."
Revising and updating his October 2011 doctoral dissertation at Oxford University, Winterton proposes a distinction between substitutionary and compensatory money awards in contract law.
That's the so-called doctrine of substitutionary atonement, which may be classic (Augustine, Aquinas), but there are many Christians--including those of us who identify as Progressive Christians--who do not find that a helpful teaching at all and who have very different understandings of the "saving" power of Jesus.
Jan-Melissa Schramm neatly captures the secularizing transcription of redemption, in that for Eliot, the sacrifice of Christ "was not in any way substitutionary," and thus "the mechanism of atonement is not vicarious." (9) The elimination of the supernatural mediator positions her characters within a direct transactional economy of suffering, wherein redemption is bought and paid for by volitional submission of agony, which expunges accretions of sin.
Among older adults, the perception of God as a substitutionary attachment personality has been prevalent (Cicirelli, 2004).
On this basis, God declares us justified (or righteous) because of Christ's substitutionary atonement (Rom.