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 (sŭb′stĭ-to͞ot′, -tyo͞ot′)
1. One that takes the place of another: finding substitutes for coal; came in as a substitute at the end of the game.
2. Grammar A word or construction used in place of another word, phrase, or clause.
v. sub·sti·tut·ed, sub·sti·tut·ing, sub·sti·tutes
1. To put or use (a person or thing) in place of another: substituted plastic for steel to reduce the weight.
2. Usage Problem To replace: substituted the worn-out couch with a new one; original artworks that were substituted by fakes.
To take the place of another: "Only art can substitute for nature" (Leonard Bernstein).

[Middle English, from Old French substitut, from Latin substitūtus, past participle of substituere, to substitute : sub-, in place of; see sub- + statuere, to cause to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

sub′sti·tut′a·bil′it·y n.
sub′sti·tut′a·ble adj.
sub′sti·tu′tive (-to͞o′tĭv, -tyo͞o′-) adj.
Usage Note: When you describe an action in which you remove one item and put a different item in its place, it's important to clearly identify which item is taking the place of the other. The verbs usually used for this kind of action are replace and substitute, which have converse meanings: if you take away an old thing and put a new thing in its place, you are replacing the old thing with the new thing, or substituting the new thing for the old thing. In the passive voice, old is replaced with new, or new is substituted for old. Sometimes, however, people switch the placement of old and new when using the verb substitute, especially in the passive voice. For example, in a low-calorie recipe that uses applesauce (the new thing) instead of butter (the old thing), the two standard constructions are Butter is replaced with applesauce or Applesauce is substituted for butter. But people sometimes say Butter is substituted by [or with] applesauce. This use of substitute is widely criticized, and most of the Usage Panel dislikes it: in our 2013 survey, 80 percent disapproved of this sentence with the preposition by, and 67 percent disapproved of it with with. In sports, however, one often encounters the less standard use of substitute, where the old player is substituted for the new one rather than vice versa. The Usage Panel is more accepting of such usage in this context; in 2013, just over half the Panel (56 percent) disapproved of the sentence The goalie allowed three goals in the first 12 minutes and was substituted before the end of the period. Unless you are discussing sports, adhering to the traditional constructions will make your writing clearer: replace the old with the new; substitute the new for the old.


1. acting or able to act as a substitute
2. of or involving substitution
ˈsubstiˌtutively adv


(ˈsʌb stɪˌtu tɪv, -ˌtyu-)

1. serving as a substitute.
2. involving substitution.
sub′sti•tu`tive•ly, adv.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: The management and operation of automotive services substitutive or integrating rail services to regional and local interest of articles.
The "Resolution on the Entering into of the "Agreement of Substitutive Power Generation Right Transaction 2015" with Tuoketuo No.
OTT service es are complementary or substitutive applications building upon the existing, physical infrastructure of the internet, but are not offered by the telecommunications providers themselves--the OTT provider consequently has ex ante no relationship to the customer, nor does it have control over the customer access network.
Our theorization sees business group affiliation to provide more of a substitutive role to risk-taking behavior associated with ownership characteristics.
It produces a disintegration of long-term relationships, because substitutive retribution, while psychologically understood, is ethically invalid.
Actuellement, l'adoption quebecoise est uniquement pleniere, c'est-adire substitutive et exclusive.
However, if silence, as far as writing tutors are concerned, is to become what Wlodzimierz Sobkowiak calls '"meaningful absence of speech' (Jaworski 1993: 66), in that it emphasizes the volitional, teleological, substitutive, and contextual aspects of CS [communicative silence]" (44), then writing tutors ought to acquaint themselves with the many meanings of silence in order to convey them clearly and effectively in tutoring sessions.
The effect of supplement on intake can be additive, when the supplement intake is aggregated to the current ingestion of the animal; and substitutive, when the supplement intake reduces forage intake without improving animal performance (Barbosa et al.
8% were resolved by summary trial, a situation in which the defendant pleads guilty in exchange for substitutive measures to the application of the sentence, that is, in place of being imprisoned.
Therefore, from this viewpoint, internal R&D and cooperation agreements do not necessarily have to be substitutive strategies, but both contribute to the development of better communication networks between internal and external knowledge, which will lead to increased innovation output (LIN; HSIAO; LIN, 2013).
Extrapolating from the evidence obtained from the study of S-S relations, we considered it likely that substitutive processes could also account for all of these types of psychological interactions.
Every concept in socialism has its substitutive counter-concept in Americanism,'' Samson wrote, "and that is why the socialist argument falls so fruitlessly on the American ear.