substratum

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sub·stra·tum

 (sŭb′strā′təm, -străt′əm)
n. pl. sub·stra·ta (-strā′tə, -străt′ə) or sub·stra·tums
1.
a. An underlying layer.
b. A layer of earth beneath the surface soil; subsoil.
2. A foundation or groundwork.
3. The material on which another material is coated or fabricated.
4. Philosophy The characterless substance that supports attributes of reality.
5. Biology A substrate.
6. Linguistics A substrate.

[New Latin substrātum, from neuter of Latin substrātus, past participle of substernere, to lay under : sub-, sub- + sternere, to stretch, spread; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

sub·stra′tive adj.

substratum

(sʌbˈstrɑːtəm; -ˈstreɪ-)
n, pl -strata (-ˈstrɑːtə; -ˈstreɪtə)
1. any layer or stratum lying underneath another
2. a basis or foundation; groundwork
3. (Biology) the nonliving material on which an animal or plant grows or lives
4. (Geological Science) geology
a. the solid rock underlying soils, gravels, etc; bedrock
b. the surface to which a fixed organism is attached
5. (Sociology) sociol any of several subdivisions or grades within a stratum
6. (Photography) photog a binding layer by which an emulsion is made to adhere to a glass or film base. Sometimes shortened to: sub
7. (Philosophy) philosophy substance considered as that in which attributes and accidents inhere
8. (Linguistics) linguistics the language of an indigenous population when replaced by the language of a conquering or colonizing population, esp as it influences the form of the dominant language or of any mixed languages arising from their contact. Compare superstratum2
[C17: from New Latin, from Latin substrātus strewn beneath, from substernere to spread under, from sub- + sternere to spread]
subˈstrative, subˈstratal adj

sub•stra•tum

(ˈsʌbˌstreɪ təm, -ˌstræt əm, sʌbˈstreɪ təm, -ˈstræt əm)

n., pl. -stra•ta (-ˌstreɪ tə, -ˌstræt ə, -ˈstreɪ tə, -ˈstræt ə) -stra•tums.
1. something that is spread or laid under something else; a stratum or layer lying under another.
2. something that underlies or serves as a basis or foundation.
3. the subsoil.
[1625–35; < New Latin; see sub-, stratum]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substratum - a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
surface - the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
2.substratum - any stratum or layer lying underneath another
stratum - one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
3.substratum - an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population; "the Celtic languages of Britain are a substrate for English"
indigenous language - a language that originated in a specified place and was not brought to that place from elsewhere

substratum

noun
The lowest or supporting part or structure:
Translations

substratum

[ˈsʌbˈstrɑːtəm] N (substrata (pl)) [ˈsʌbˈstrɑːtə]sustrato m

substratum

n pl <substrata> → Substrat nt; (Geol) → Untergrund m; (Sociol) → Substratum nt

substratum

[sʌbˈstrɑːtəm] n (substrata (pl)) [sʌbˈstrɑːtə] (Geol) (fig) → sostrato

sub·stra·tum

n. sustrato, fundación, base en la que vive un organismo.