substrate


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

sub·strate

 (sŭb′strāt′)
n.
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
2. Biology A surface on which an organism grows or is attached.
3. An underlying layer; a substratum.
4. Linguistics An indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population.

[From substratum.]

substrate

(ˈsʌbstreɪt)
n
1. (Biochemistry) biochem the substance upon which an enzyme acts
2. another word for substratum
3. (Electronics) electronics the semiconductor base on which other material is deposited, esp in the construction of integrated circuits

sub•strate

(ˈsʌb streɪt)

n.
1. the surface or medium on which an organism lives or grows.
2. the substance acted upon by an enzyme.
3. the foundation on which an integrated electronic circuit is formed or fabricated.
[1570–80; variant of substratum]

sub·strate

(sŭb′strāt′)
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts. See Note at enzyme.
2. The surface on which plants, algae, or certain animals, such as barnacles, live or grow. A substrate may serve as a source of food for an organism or simply provide support.

substrate

- The surface on which an organism lives or moves.
See also related terms for moves.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substrate - the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
2.substrate - a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
surface - the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
3.substrate - any stratum or layer lying underneath another
stratum - one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
4.substrate - an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population; "the Celtic languages of Britain are a substrate for English"
indigenous language - a language that originated in a specified place and was not brought to that place from elsewhere
Translations
kasvualusta
sottostratosubstrato

substrate

n (Chem) → Substrat nt
References in periodicals archive ?
The global market for organic substrate is also expected to reach US$ 13,438.1 million value towards 2026 end.
Summary: The global market for organic substrate is also expected to reach US$ 13,438.1 million value towards 2026 end.
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 8, 2019-: LCD Glass Substrate Market Size, Demand, Key Trends, Company Profiles, Industry Analysis and Growth Forecast to 2019-2024 | By Radiant Insights, Inc
Summary: Osaka [Japan], Dec 14 (ANI): Panasonic Corporation has announced that it will enhance its production and development functions for the substrate material MEGTRON GX, which is used in semiconductor packages and modules, in China and the North East Asian region.
This stage consists of a gradual adaptation of seedlings of an in vitro environment to an ex vitro environment, controlling factors that may limit or stop the development of plants, such as temperature, luminosity, substrate, nutrients and, mainly, moisture.
Youdong Mao have brought about a landmark research that provides the sharpest 3D "motion picture" of human 26S proteasome functioning in atomic detail, and significantly advances understanding and knowledge about how the human proteasome machinery degrades a protein substrate. This study opens up numerous possibilities for structure-based drug discovery targeting human proteasome for treatment of multiple myeloma and neurodegenerative diseases.
Droplets of the colloidal solution (~0.2 [micro]L) were deposited with a microsyringe (total volume: 1 [micro]L) on the substrate, which was cleaned thoroughly by alcohol and distilled water and dried in a drying oven.
The measures that have been tried so far include improvements on the catalyst side, such as using a washcoat to apply a catalyst material to a honeycomb substrate having a uniform cell structure to ensure a sufficient number of active sites of the precious metals in the catalyst or to increase the thermal resistance of the materials(1)(2)(3), in addition to improvements on the substrate side, such as increasing the surface area of the honeycomb substrate (by increasing cell density) and its volume.
This research was carried out based on coconut husk as main material mixed with different proportions of sand, coconut charcoal, cow manure compost, and microbial fertilizer, to make a series of compound substrates. The rice husk, a commercial substrate, was selected as a control treatment.
Recently, the slow-wave substrate-integrated waveguide (SW-SIW) by a double layer substrate with the bottom layer including metallized via-holes connected to the ground has been proposed in [11].
Abstract: To determine the suitable substrate, five growth substrates viz.
To make it work, the InP will then allocate substrate resources to the virtual network according to the requirements.