substrate

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Related to substrate binding site: Catalytic site

sub·strate

 (sŭb′strāt′)
n.
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
2. Biology A surface on which an organism grows or is attached.
3. An underlying layer; a substratum.
4. Linguistics An indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population.

[From substratum.]

substrate

(ˈsʌbstreɪt)
n
1. (Biochemistry) biochem the substance upon which an enzyme acts
2. another word for substratum
3. (Electronics) electronics the semiconductor base on which other material is deposited, esp in the construction of integrated circuits

sub•strate

(ˈsʌb streɪt)

n.
1. the surface or medium on which an organism lives or grows.
2. the substance acted upon by an enzyme.
3. the foundation on which an integrated electronic circuit is formed or fabricated.
[1570–80; variant of substratum]

sub·strate

(sŭb′strāt′)
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts. See Note at enzyme.
2. The surface on which plants, algae, or certain animals, such as barnacles, live or grow. A substrate may serve as a source of food for an organism or simply provide support.

substrate

- The surface on which an organism lives or moves.
See also related terms for moves.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substrate - the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
2.substrate - a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
surface - the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
3.substrate - any stratum or layer lying underneath another
stratum - one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
4.substrate - an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population; "the Celtic languages of Britain are a substrate for English"
indigenous language - a language that originated in a specified place and was not brought to that place from elsewhere
Translations
kasvualusta
sottostratosubstrato

substrate

n (Chem) → Substrat nt
References in periodicals archive ?
50 in the substrate binding site suggests that E2 and TBBPA are competing for the same binding site (Figure 4).
KX2-391 is a highly selective Src kinase inhibitor that targets the peptide substrate binding site, not the ATP binding site as do all other Src inhibitors commercially available or in development.
Gilliland, Structure of the Xenobiotic Substrate Binding Site of a Glutathione S-Transferase as Revealed by X-ray Crystallographic Analysis of Product Complexes with the Diastereomers of 9-(S-Glutathionyl)-10-Hydroxy-9,10-Dithydrophenanthrene, Biochemistry 33 (5), 1043-1052 (1994).