substrate

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sub·strate

 (sŭb′strāt′)
n.
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
2. Biology A surface on which an organism grows or is attached.
3. An underlying layer; a substratum.
4. Linguistics An indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population.

[From substratum.]

substrate

(ˈsʌbstreɪt)
n
1. (Biochemistry) biochem the substance upon which an enzyme acts
2. another word for substratum
3. (Electronics) electronics the semiconductor base on which other material is deposited, esp in the construction of integrated circuits

sub•strate

(ˈsʌb streɪt)

n.
1. the surface or medium on which an organism lives or grows.
2. the substance acted upon by an enzyme.
3. the foundation on which an integrated electronic circuit is formed or fabricated.
[1570–80; variant of substratum]

sub·strate

(sŭb′strāt′)
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts. See Note at enzyme.
2. The surface on which plants, algae, or certain animals, such as barnacles, live or grow. A substrate may serve as a source of food for an organism or simply provide support.

substrate

- The surface on which an organism lives or moves.
See also related terms for moves.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substrate - the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
2.substrate - a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
surface - the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
3.substrate - any stratum or layer lying underneath another
stratum - one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
4.substrate - an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population; "the Celtic languages of Britain are a substrate for English"
indigenous language - a language that originated in a specified place and was not brought to that place from elsewhere
Translations
kasvualusta
sottostratosubstrato

substrate

n (Chem) → Substrat nt
References in periodicals archive ?
Abstract: To determine the suitable substrate, five growth substrates viz.
The concept of specificity of enzyme action can potentially be abstract for some students as they fail to appreciate how the three-dimensional configuration of enzymes and the active sites confer perfect fit for specific substrates. In science text books, the specificity of enzyme-substrate binding is typically likened to the action of a lock and key whereby only one specific key can open a lock.
Growth rates were determined in the laboratory for juveniles of Crepidula fornicata, which were maintained on a diet of phytoplankton and with and without solid substrates. Adults were collected from Nahant, Massachusetts, in late summer 2013, and held in the laboratory at room temperature until larvae were released.
State-of-the-art optoelectronic devices utilize transparent glass substrates as thin as 0.1 mm.
In this production system, the main factors that affect the development and quality of cuttings are the genetic materials, water levels, nutrition, type of container and substrates (Silva et al., 2012).
"LED chip manufacturers now have an alternative to ceramic substrates," said Terry Noronha, global business manager, 3M Electronics Materials Solutions Division.
Unimicron disclosed previously plans to invest a total of NT$20 billion (US$634.6 million) over the next four years in R&D and expanding production capacity for flip-chip (FC) and other high-end IC substrates to tap business opportunities arising from 5G, artificial intelligence (AI) and big data.
Micropropagated seedlings with a mean of four roots and two leaves (approximately 3.25cm each root, and 2.10cm each leaf) and bulbs with a 4.7mm diameter were transplanted to 50-cells polyethylene trays of 50cm3 each containing each the following substrates: T1: expanded vermiculite, T2: carbonized rice husk (CRH), T3: commercial 1 (according to specifications on the label, composed of Sphagno peat, expanded vermiculite, CRH, dolomitic limestone, gypsum and NPK fertilizer), T4: coconut fiber, and T5: composted Pinus bark.
The 26S proteasome holoenzyme recognizes and processes poly-ubiquitinated substrates. This holoenzyme is assembled from a barrel-shaped, proteolytically active core particle and two 19S regulatory particles, capping both ends of the core particle cylinder.
It has been reported that the substrates play an important role in pattern formation of drying drops [19].
7 shows a contour diagram for the cross sections of the conventional substrate and the developed substrates when the air intake rate is 20 or 115 g/s.
This research was carried out based on coconut husk as main material mixed with different proportions of sand, coconut charcoal, cow manure compost, and microbial fertilizer, to make a series of compound substrates. The rice husk, a commercial substrate, was selected as a control treatment.