suffix

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suffix

Suffixes are morphemes (specific groups of letters with particular semantic meaning) that are added onto the end of root words to change their meaning. Suffixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is prefixes, which come at the beginning of a root word.
There is a huge range of suffixes in English, which can be broadly categorized as either inflectional or derivational.
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suf·fix

 (sŭf′ĭks)
n.
An affix added to the end of a word or stem, serving to form a new word or functioning as an inflectional ending, such as -ness in gentleness, -ing in walking, or -s in sits.
tr.v. suf·fixed, suf·fix·ing, suf·fix·es
To add as a suffix.

[New Latin suffīxum, from Latin, neuter of suffīxus, past participle of suffīgere, to fasten underneath, affix : sub-, sub- + fīgere, to fix, fasten; see dhīgw- in Indo-European roots.]

suf′fix·al adj.
suf′fix·al·ly adv.
suf′fix·a′tion (sŭf′ĭk-sā′shən), suf·fix′ion (sə-fĭk′shən) n.

suffix

n
1. (Grammar) grammar an affix that follows the stem to which it is attached, as for example -s and -ness in dogs and softness. Compare prefix1
2. anything that is added at the end of something else
vb
3. (Grammar) (tr) grammar to add (a morpheme) as a suffix to the end of a word
4. (tr) to add (something) at the end of a sentence, comment, or piece of writing
[C18: from New Latin suffixum, from Latin suffixus fastened below, from suffīgere, from sub- + fīgere to fasten]
suffixal adj
suffixion n

suf•fix

(n. ˈsʌf ɪks; v. ˈsʌf ɪks, səˈfɪks)

n.
1. an affix that follows the element to which it is added, as -ly in kindly.
2. something added to the end of something else.
v.t.
3. to add as a suffix.
4. to affix at the end of something.
[1595–1605; < New Latin suffīxum, n. use of neuter of Latin suffīxus, past participle of suffīgere to attach on top of =suf- suf- + fīgere to attach (see fix)]
suf•fix•al (ˈsʌf ɪk səl, səˈfɪk-) adj.
suf`fix•a′tion (səˈfɪk ʃən) n.

suffix


Past participle: suffixed
Gerund: suffixing

Imperative
suffix
suffix
Present
I suffix
you suffix
he/she/it suffixes
we suffix
you suffix
they suffix
Preterite
I suffixed
you suffixed
he/she/it suffixed
we suffixed
you suffixed
they suffixed
Present Continuous
I am suffixing
you are suffixing
he/she/it is suffixing
we are suffixing
you are suffixing
they are suffixing
Present Perfect
I have suffixed
you have suffixed
he/she/it has suffixed
we have suffixed
you have suffixed
they have suffixed
Past Continuous
I was suffixing
you were suffixing
he/she/it was suffixing
we were suffixing
you were suffixing
they were suffixing
Past Perfect
I had suffixed
you had suffixed
he/she/it had suffixed
we had suffixed
you had suffixed
they had suffixed
Future
I will suffix
you will suffix
he/she/it will suffix
we will suffix
you will suffix
they will suffix
Future Perfect
I will have suffixed
you will have suffixed
he/she/it will have suffixed
we will have suffixed
you will have suffixed
they will have suffixed
Future Continuous
I will be suffixing
you will be suffixing
he/she/it will be suffixing
we will be suffixing
you will be suffixing
they will be suffixing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been suffixing
you have been suffixing
he/she/it has been suffixing
we have been suffixing
you have been suffixing
they have been suffixing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been suffixing
you will have been suffixing
he/she/it will have been suffixing
we will have been suffixing
you will have been suffixing
they will have been suffixing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been suffixing
you had been suffixing
he/she/it had been suffixing
we had been suffixing
you had been suffixing
they had been suffixing
Conditional
I would suffix
you would suffix
he/she/it would suffix
we would suffix
you would suffix
they would suffix
Past Conditional
I would have suffixed
you would have suffixed
he/she/it would have suffixed
we would have suffixed
you would have suffixed
they would have suffixed

suffix

A word or word part that is added to the end of another word, such as “-ness” in “dampness.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.suffix - an affix that is added at the end of the word
affix - a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form
ending, termination - the end of a word (a suffix or inflectional ending or final morpheme); "I don't like words that have -ism as an ending"
Verb1.suffix - attach a suffix to; "suffix words"
affix - attach or become attached to a stem word; "grammatical morphemes affix to the stem"
prefix - attach a prefix to; "prefixed words"
Translations
لاحِقَه في نِهايَة الكَلِمَه
přípona
endelse
sufikso
päätesuffiksi
dometaksufiks
képzõragtoldalék
skeyta viðviðskeytiviîskeyti
priesaga
piedēklis
suffiksendingsuffigere
sufix
prípona
pripona
son ek

suffix

[ˈsʌfɪks]
A. Nsufijo m
B. VTañadir como sufijo (to a)

suffix

[ˈsʌfɪks] nsuffixe m

suffix

n (Ling) → Suffix nt, → Nachsilbe f; (in code etc) → Zusatz m
vtanfügen, anhängen (→ to an +acc)

suffix

[ˈsʌfɪks] nsuffisso

suffix

(ˈsafiks) noun
a small part added to the end of a word that changes the meaning. goodness; quickly; advisable; misty; yellowish.

suffix

n. gr. sufijo.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most affixation in Hebrew is suffixal. Suffixes are added to various word classes for inflection and also to certain stems for derivation.
Even where forms are not consistently distinguished by the same sub-word forms--for instance, where genitive plural functions are differentiated from other forms in the paradigm by means of a suffixal marker -arum in one declension and -um in another (as in Latin), it does not matter that these sub-word elements are phonologically distinct.
However, it is possible to use the suffixal substitution pattern iteratively as in the example in Table 6 below:
The main aim is to carry out a corpus-driven analysis of the Germanic suffixes -NESS, (2) -SHIP, -DOM, -HOOD, -LAC and -REDE(N) in Middle English in order to describe them and to assess the occurrence and use of suffixal doublets in the corpora examined.
(2) Although for brevity I refer to it as a suffix, it is more appropriate to call it a "suffixal complex" because, evidently,--perani is not a simple morpheme.
The other conjugations, like nifal and hifil, derive from the most basic verbal conjugation of qal by way of augmentatives forms through the additions or changes of prefixal and suffixal elements, acquiring different nuances and modalities of meaning built upon the basic semantic value expressed in qal.
(7) If Trudgill's (2011) characterization of Anglo-Norse contact is correct, we might expect to see complexification in Middle English, for instance transfer of Norse middle voice morphology or suffixal definiteness marking--but there is no evidence of this.
but forms with -r- suffixal elements are found already in the Rigvedic
A right edge-oriented alignment constraint on the person marker (capturing its suffixal nature) is dominated by ONSET, a constraint requiring syllables to have onsets.
Compound subordinating conjunctions are formed with the combination of a suffixal lexical item and nominalizer affix or case affix.
Based on Muysken (2009: 80) EQ Other Quechuan Person/number - verbal.1 no clusivity clusivity - verbal.2 no portmanteaus some portmanteaus - nominal none (e/Pastaza) suffixal PSR Voice - BEN applicative valency-neutral valency-relevant loss of -pu Subordination - Adverbial clauses SR (no person) SR (DS w/person) - Purpose clauses SR (no person) NMLZ+ACC (6) TAME - PQ *-yku (lost) DYN/DIRCT - PQ *-yka (lost) DUR - PQ *-ku DUR MPASS - PQ *-ri REFL INCH Table 2.