hormone(redirected from sugar hormones)
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a. A substance, usually a peptide or steroid, produced by one tissue and conveyed by the bloodstream to another to effect physiological activity, such as growth or metabolism.
b. A synthetic compound that acts like a hormone in the body.
2. Any of various similar substances found in plants and insects that regulate development.
[From Greek hormōn, present participle of hormān, to urge on, from hormē, impulse; see er- in Indo-European roots.]
hor·mon′al (-mō′nəl), hor·mon′ic (-mŏn′ĭk) adj.
1. (Biochemistry) a chemical substance produced in an endocrine gland and transported in the blood to a certain tissue, on which it exerts a specific effect
2. (Biochemistry) an organic compound produced by a plant that is essential for growth
3. (Biochemistry) any synthetic substance having the same effects
[C20: from Greek hormōn, from horman to stir up, urge on, from hormē impulse, assault]
horˈmonal, hormonic adj
1. any of various internally secreted compounds formed in endocrine glands that affect the functions of specifically receptive organs or tissues when transported to them by the body fluids.
2. a synthetic substance that acts like such a compound when introduced into the body.
3. any of various plant compounds, as auxin or gibberellin, that control growth and differentiation of plant tissue.
[1900–05; < Greek hormôn, present participle of hormân to set in motion, stimulate, derivative of hormḗ impetus, impulse]
hor•mo′nal, hor•mon•ic (-ˈmɒn ɪk, -ˈmoʊ nɪk) adj.
A substance produced in one part of the body, especially in an endocrine gland, that has an effect on another part of the body, to which it is usually carried in the bloodstream. Hormones regulate many biological processes, including growth and metabolism.
Did You Know? On the inside, humans are bathing in a sea of hormones, chemical compounds that regulate many essential activities in the body. A lot of hormones are produced in glands known as endocrine glands, such as the thyroid gland, pancreas, and ovaries, and travel from there through the bloodstream before arriving at their target sites of action. Specialized cells of the nervous system also produce hormones. Hormones are not found only in humans, but also in all other animals and plants. The variety of different functions hormones have is astounding. Insulin, secreted by the pancreas, regulates the absorption of sugars in the body. Thyroid hormones regulate the rate of cell metabolism and affect many other processes, including reproduction. Growth hormone, secreted by the pituitary gland, controls growth of the body. Estrogen and testosterone control sexual development. Some of the hormones released in the brain, known as endorphins, act as natural painkillers. When the amounts of these or other hormones are abnormal, disease can result. Too little insulin causes diabetes, too little estrogen weakens the bones of older women, and too much growth hormone causes people to grow without stopping. Fortunately, these diseases can usually be treated, either with hormones made artificially in laboratories or by operating on the affected gland.
A chemical messenger that is produced in one part of an organism and acts in another part.
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|Noun||1.||hormone - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect|
secretion - a functionally specialized substance (especially one that is not a waste) released from a gland or cell
ACTH, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, adrenocorticotrophin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, adrenocorticotropin, corticotrophin, corticotropin - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
Adrenalin, adrenaline, epinephrin, epinephrine - a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
glucagon - a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
gonadotrophic hormone, gonadotrophin, gonadotropic hormone, gonadotropin - hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
insulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
melatonin - hormone secreted by the pineal gland
neurohormone - a hormone that is released by nerve impulses (e.g., norepinephrine or vasopressin)
oxytocin, Pitocin - hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
parathormone, parathyroid hormone - hormone synthesized and released into the blood stream by the parathyroid glands; regulates phosphorus and calcium in the body and functions in neuromuscular excitation and blood clotting
relaxin - hormone secreted by the corpus luteum during the last days of pregnancy; relaxes the pelvic ligaments and prepares the uterus for labor
hypothalamic releasing factor, hypothalamic releasing hormone, releasing factor, releasing hormone, RH - any of several hormones produced in the hypothalamus and carried by a vein to the anterior pituitary gland where they stimulate the release of anterior pituitary hormones; each of these hormones causes the anterior pituitary to secrete a specific hormone
growth hormone, human growth hormone, somatotrophic hormone, somatotrophin, somatotropic hormone, somatotropin, STH - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
thymosin - hormone secreted by the thymus; stimulates immunological activity of lymphoid tissue
thyroid hormone - any of several closely related compounds that are produced by the thyroid gland and are active metabolically
ADH, antidiuretic hormone, Pitressin, vasopressin - hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
sex hormone, steroid hormone, steroid - any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
adrenosterone - a steroid having androgenic activity; obtained from the cortex of the adrenal gland
glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
catecholamine - any of a group of chemicals including epinephrine and norepinephrine that are produced in the medulla of the adrenal gland
melanocyte-stimulating hormone, MSH - a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that controls the degree of pigmentation in melanocytes
thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyrotrophic hormone, thyrotrophin, thyrotropic hormone, thyrotropin, TSH - anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the function of the thyroid gland
Hormonesadrenaline or epinephrine, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, androsterone, antidiuretic hormone, bursicon, calcitonin, cholecystokinin or pancreozymin, chorionic gonadotrophin, corpus luteum hormone or progesterone, corticosteroid, corticosterone or adrenocorticotrophic hormone, cortisone, deoxycorticosterone, ecdysone, enterogastrone, erythropoietin, florigen, follicle-stimulating hormone, glucagon, gibberellic acid, gastrin, gonadotrophin, growth hormone or somatotrophin, insulin, interstitial-cell-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone, juvenile hormone, lactogenic hormone, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone, luteotrophin or prolactin, noradrenaline, oestradiol, oestriol, oestrone, oxytocin, progesterone, parathyroid hormone, relaxin, secretin, sex hormone, somatomedin, somatostatin, stilboestrol, testosterone, thyroid-stimulating hormone or thyrotropin, thyroxine, trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, triiodothyronine, vasopressin
n → Hormon nt
hormone[ˈhɔːməʊn] n → ormone m
a substance produced by certain glands of the body, which makes some organ of the body active. Adrenalin is a hormone. hormoon هورمون хормон hormônio hormon das Hormon hormon ορμόνηhormona hormoon هورمون hormoni hormoneהורמון अंदर ही अंदर खून में मिल कर उत्तेजना पैदा करने वाला तत्व hormon hormon hormon hormón ormone ホルモン 호르몬 hormonas hormons hormon hormoonhormonhormon هورمون hormona hormon гормон hormón hormon hormon hormon ฮอร์โมน hormon 荷爾蒙, 激素 гормон ہارمون، مہیجہ hoóc môn 荷尔蒙，激素
hormone→ هُرمُون hormon hormon Hormon ορμόνη hormona hormoni hormone hormon ormone ホルモン 호르몬 hormoon hormon hormon hormona, hormônio гормон hormon ฮอร์โมน hormon hóc-môn 荷尔蒙
n. hormona, sustancia química natural del cuerpo que produce o estimula la actividad de un órgano;
growth ___ → ___ del crecimiento;
___ therapy → terapia hormonal;
___ receptor → receptor hormonal;
gonadotropin releasing ___ → ___ liberadora de gonadotropina.