# sum

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## sum

a quantity obtained by addition: The sum of 13 and 20 is 33.; the final aggregate

**Not to be confused with:**

Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

## sum

(sŭm)*n.*

**1.**

*Mathematics*

**a.**An amount obtained as a result of adding numbers.

**b.**An arithmetic problem: a child good at sums.

**2.**The whole amount, quantity, or number; an aggregate: the sum of the team's combined experience.

**3.**An amount of money: paid an enormous sum.

**4.**A summary: my view of the world, in sum.

**5.**The central idea or point; the gist.

*tr.v.*

**summed**,

**sum·ming**,

**sums**

**1.**

*Mathematics*To add.

**2.**To give a summary of; summarize.

*Phrasal Verb:*

*sum up***1.**To present the substance of (material) in a condensed form; summarize: sum up the day's news; concluded the lecture by summing up.

**2.**To describe or assess concisely: an epithet that sums up my feelings.

[Middle English summe, from Old French, from Latin summa, from feminine of summus,

*highest*; see uper in Indo-European roots.]American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## sum

(sʌm)*n*

**1.**(Mathematics)

**a.**the result of the addition of numbers, quantities, objects, etc

**b.**the cardinality of the union of disjoint sets whose cardinalities are the given numbers

**2.**(Mathematics) one or more columns or rows of numbers to be added, subtracted, multiplied, or divided

**3.**(Mathematics)

*maths*the limit of a series of sums of the first

*n*terms of a converging infinite series as

*n*tends to infinity

**5.**(Banking & Finance) a quantity, esp of money: he borrows enormous sums.

**6.**the essence or gist of a matter (esp in the phrases

**in sum, in sum and substance**)

**7.**a less common word for summary

**8.**

*archaic*the summit or maximum

**9.**(

*modifier*) complete or final (esp in the phrase

**sum total**)

*vb*,

**sums**,

**summing**

*or*

**summed**

**10.**(

*often foll by up*) to add or form a total of (something)

**11.**(Mathematics) (

*tr*) to calculate the sum of (the terms in a sequence)

[C13

*summe,*from Old French, from Latin*summa*the top, sum, from*summus*highest, from*superus*in a higher position; see super]## sum

(sʊm)*n*,

*pl*

**sumy**(ˈsʊmɪ)

(Currencies) the standard monetary unit of Uzbekistan, divided into 100 tiyin

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

## sum

(sʌm)*n.,*

*v.*

**summed, sum•ming.**

*n.*

**1.**the aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars as determined by or as if by the mathematical process of addition: The sum of 6 and 8 is 14.

**2.**an amount or quantity, esp. of money: to lend small sums.

**3.**a series of numbers or quantities to be added up.

**4.**an arithmetical problem to be solved, or such a problem worked out and having the various steps shown.

**5.**the full amount, or the whole: the sum of our knowledge.

**6.**the main idea, gist, or point: the sum and substance of his argument.

**7.**a summary.

*v.t.*

**8.**to combine into an aggregate or total (often fol. by

*up*).

**9.**to ascertain the sum of, as by addition.

**10.**to bring into or contain in a small compass (often fol. by

*up*).

*v.i.*

**11.**to amount.

**12.**

**sum up,**

**a.**to express in a brief and comprehensive statement; summarize.

**b.**to form a quick estimate or judgment of.

*Idioms:***in sum,**in concise or brief form.

[1250–1300; < Latin

*summa*sum, n. use of feminine of*summus*highest, superlative of*superus*(see superior)]**sum`ma•bil′i•ty,**

*n.*

**sum′ma•ble,**

*adj.*

## sum-

var. of sub- before m: summon.

Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

## sum

(sŭm) The result of adding numbers or quantities. The sum of 6 and 9, for example, is 15, and the sum of 4

*x*and 5*x*is 9*x.*The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## Sum

a quantity of money; a number of things; a host; an assembly.*Examples*: sum of conceits, 1576; of facts, 1840; of gold, 1375; of happiness, 1772; of malt, 1528; of men, 1450; of misery, 1827; of silver, 1596; of soldiers, 1400; of Muscovado sugar, 1680; of tobacco, 1872; of treasure, 1300.

Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

## sum

**Past participle:**summed

**Gerund:**summing

Imperative |
---|

sum |

sum |

Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

**Legend:**Switch to new thesaurus

Noun | 1. | sum - a quantity of money; "he borrowed a large sum"; "the amount he had in cash was insufficient"gain - the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating cash surrender value - the amount that the insurance company will pay on a given life insurance policy if the policy is cancelled prior to the death of the insured contribution - an amount of money contributed; "he expected his contribution to be repaid with interest" deductible - (taxes) an amount that can be deducted (especially for the purposes of calculating income tax) defalcation - the sum of money that is misappropriated red ink, red, loss - the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue; "the company operated at a loss last year"; "the company operated in the red last year" assets - anything of material value or usefulness that is owned by a person or company figure - an amount of money expressed numerically; "a figure of $17 was suggested" coverage, insurance coverage - the total amount and type of insurance carried cash advance, advance - an amount paid before it is earned peanuts - an insignificant sum of money; a trifling amount; "her salary is peanuts compared to his" purse - a sum of money offered as a prize; "the purse barely covered the winner's expenses" purse - a sum of money spoken of as the contents of a money purse; "he made the contribution out of his own purse"; "he and his wife shared a common purse" |

2. | sum - a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbersquantity - the concept that something has a magnitude and can be represented in mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable grand total - the sum of the sums of several groups of numbers subtotal - the sum of part of a group of numbers | |

3. | sum - the final aggregate; "the sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered"aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblage - several things grouped together or considered as a whole | |

4. | sum - the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"; "the nub of the story"essence, heart and soul, inwardness, nitty-gritty, pith, substance, gist, kernel, nub, meat, core, marrow, heart, center, centre cognitive content, mental object, content - the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned bare bones - (plural) the most basic facts or elements; "he told us only the bare bones of the story" hypostasis - (metaphysics) essential nature or underlying reality haecceity, quiddity - the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other quintessence - the purest and most concentrated essence of something stuff - a critically important or characteristic component; "suspense is the very stuff of narrative" | |

5. | sum - the whole amount | |

6. | sum - a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets; "let C be the union of the sets A and B"set - a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used; "a set of books"; "a set of golf clubs"; "a set of teeth" direct sum - a union of two disjoint sets in which every element is the sum of an element from each of the disjoint sets | |

Verb | 1. | sum - be a summary of; "The abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper" |

2. | sum - determine the sum of; "Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town"add together, add - make an addition by combining numbers; "Add 27 and 49, please!" |

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

## sum

*noun*

**2.**calculation, figures, arithmetic, problem, numbers, reckonings, mathematics, maths

*(Brit. informal)*, tally, math

*(U.S. informal)*,

**arithmetical problem**I can't do my sums.

**sum something**size up, estimate

*or*someone up*(informal)*, get the measure of,

**form an opinion of**My mother probably summed her up better than I ever could.

**sum something up**summarize,

**express concisely**,

**express pithily**,

**express in a word**He summed his weakness up in one word: 'Disastrous.'

**sum up**summarize, review, recapitulate, close, conclude, put something in a nutshell When the judge summed up it was clear he wanted a guilty verdict.

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

## sum

*noun*

**1.**A number or quantity obtained as a result of addition:

*Archaic:*tale.

**2.**An amount or quantity from which nothing is left out or held back:

*Informal:*work (used in plural).

**3.**An organized array of individual elements and parts forming and working as a unit:

**4.**A condensation of the essential or main points of something:

*Informal:*recap.

*verb*

*phrasal verb*

**sum up**

The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Translations

**součet**

**suma**

**výpočet**

**obnos**

**počty**

**sum**

**beløb**

**regnestykke**

**summa**

**laskutehtävä**

**zbroj**

**számtanpélda**

**reikningsdæmi; samlagningardæmi**

**summa**

**upphæî**

**合計**

**計算**

**합계**

**aritmetikos skaičiavimas**

**aritmetikos uždavinys**

**bendra suma**

**matemātikas uzdevums**

**summa**

**počty**

**povzeti**

**seštevek**

**vsota**

**summa**

**summera**

**addera**

**belopp**

**kärna**

**การคำนวณ**

**ผลรวม**

**tổng**

**tổng số**

## sum

[sʌm]*N*

**1.**(=

*piece of arithmetic*) → suma

*f*, adición

*f*

I was very bad at sums → era muy malo en aritmética

to

__do__one's sums → hacer cuentas

to do sums in one's head → hacer un cálculo mental

**2.**(=

*total*) → suma

*f*, total

*m*; (=

*amount of money*) → suma

*f*, importe

*m*

**→ en suma, en resumen**

__in__sum**more/greater than the sum**→ más que la suma de las partes

__of__its parts**sum**→ total

__total__*m*(completo)

the sum total of my ambitions is → la meta de mis ambiciones es ..., lo único que ambiciono es ...

that was the sum (total) of his achievements → y de allí no pasó

*see also*

**lump**

**sum up**

**A.**

*VI + ADV*(=

*summarize*) → resumir; [

*judge*] → recapitular

to sum up, I would say → en resumidas cuentas, yo diría

**B.**

*VT + ADV*

**1.**(=

*summarize*) [+

*speech, facts, argument*] → resumir

you could sum up what he said in a couple of words → se podría resumir lo que dijo en dos palabras

to sum up an argument → resumir un argumento

Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

## sum

[ˈsʊm]*n*

(=

The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degrees → La somme de les angles d'un triangle fait 180 degrés.

*total of added numbers*) → somme*f*The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degrees → La somme de les angles d'un triangle fait 180 degrés.

*vi*→ résumer

Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## sum

*n*

(= total) → Summe

*f*; that was the**sum**(total) of his achievements → das war alles, was er geschafft hatte; the**sum**total of my ambitions → das Ziel meiner Wünsche(esp Brit: = calculation) → Rechenaufgabe

*f*; to do**sum**s (in one’s head) → (im Kopf) rechnen; I was bad at**sum**s → ich war schlecht im RechnenCollins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

## sum

[sʌm]*n*(

*piece of arithmetic*) → somma, addizione

*f*; (

*amount of money*) → somma

the sum of 6 and 4 is 10 → 6 più 4 fa 10

that is the sum (total) of his achievements → questo è tutto quello che ha fatto

**sum up**

**1.**

*vt + adv*(

*review*) → riassumere, ricapitolare; (

*evaluate rapidly*) → valutare, giudicare

to sum up an argument → riassumere una discussione

she quickly summed him up → capì subito che tipo era

he summed up the situation quickly → valutò subito la situazione

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

## sum

(sam)*noun*

**1.**the amount or total made by two or more things or numbers added together. The sum of 12, 24, 7 and 11 is 54.

**2.**a quantity of money. It will cost an enormous sum to repair the swimming pool.

**3.**a problem in arithmetic. My children are better at sums than I am.

**sum total**

the complete or final total. The sum total of the damage cannot be calculated.

**sum up**

*–*

*past tense, past participle***summed**–*verb*

to give the main or important points of. He summed up the various proposals.

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

## sum

→ مَبْلَغ, مَسْأَلَةٌ حِسَابِيَّة obnos, výpočet sum Summe άθροισμα, ποσό cuenta, suma laskutehtävä, summa problème, somme zbroj somma 合計, 計算 합계 som regnestykke, sum obliczenie, suma soma сумма summa การคำนวณ, ผลรวม toplam, toplamak tổng, tổng số 和, 总和Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

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