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su·macalso su·mach (so͞o′măk, sho͞o′-)
1. Any of various shrubs or small trees of the genera Rhus and Toxicodendron, having compound leaves, clusters of small greenish flowers, and usually red, hairy fruit. Species in the genus Toxicodendron, such as poison sumac, have toxic sap.
2. A tart, dark reddish-brown powder made from the ground dried fruits of a Eurasian sumac (Rhus coriaria), used as a seasoning in Middle Eastern cuisine.
[Middle English, preparation made from sumac, from Old French (possibly via Medieval Latin sumach), from Arabic summāq, sumac tree, from Aramaic, dark red, from səmaq, to be red; see smq in Semitic roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
sumach(ˈsuːmæk; ˈʃuː-) or
1. (Plants) any temperate or subtropical shrub or small tree of the anacardiaceous genus Rhus, having compound leaves, clusters of green flowers, and red hairy fruits. See also poison sumach
2. (Dyeing) a preparation of powdered leaves of certain species of Rhus, esp R. coriaria, used in dyeing and tanning
3. (Tanning) a preparation of powdered leaves of certain species of Rhus, esp R. coriaria, used in dyeing and tanning
4. (Forestry) the wood of any of these plants
[C14: via Old French from Arabic summāq]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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|Noun||1.||sumach - a shrub or tree of the genus Rhus (usually limited to the non-poisonous members of the genus)|
genus Rhus, Rhus - deciduous or evergreen shrubs and shrubby trees of temperate and subtropical North America, South Africa, eastern Asia and northeastern Australia; usually limited to nonpoisonous sumacs (see genus Toxicodendron)
sumac - wood of a sumac
fragrant sumac, lemon sumac, Rhus aromatica - sweet-scented sumac of eastern America having ternate leaves and yellowish-green flowers in spikes resembling catkins followed by red hairy fruits
Rhus glabra, scarlet sumac, smooth sumac, vinegar tree - common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with waxy compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries
black sumac, dwarf sumac, mountain sumac, Rhus copallina, shining sumac - common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries
Rhus ovata, sugar sumac, sugar-bush - evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with spikes of reddish yellow flowers and glandular hairy fruits
Rhus typhina, staghorn sumac, velvet sumac, vinegar tree, Virginian sumac - deciduous shrubby tree or eastern North America with compound leaves that turn brilliant red in fall and dense panicles of greenish yellow flowers followed by crimson acidic berries
Rhus trilobata, skunkbush, squawbush, squaw-bush - deciduous shrub of California with unpleasantly scented usually trifoliate leaves and edible fruit
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