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n. Archaic
A pack animal, such as a horse or mule.

[Middle English, driver of a packhorse, from Old French sometier, from Vulgar Latin *saumatārius, from Late Latin sagma, sagmat-, packsaddle, from Greek, from sattein, to pack.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Animals) archaic a packhorse, mule, or other beast of burden
[C14: from Old French sometier driver of a baggage horse, from Vulgar Latin sagmatārius (unattested), from Late Latin sagma packsaddle]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsʌmp tər)

a packhorse or mule.
[1275–1325; Middle English sompter < Old French sometier pack-horse driver < Vulgar Latin *saumatārius= Latin sagmat- (s. of sagma; see summer2) + -ārius -ary]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sumpter - an animal (such as a mule or burro or horse) used to carry loadssumpter - an animal (such as a mule or burro or horse) used to carry loads
beast of burden, jument - an animal such as a donkey or ox or elephant used for transporting loads or doing other heavy work
packhorse - a workhorse used as a pack animal
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
He at once called to Sancho, who, however, had no mind to come, as he was just then engaged in unloading a sumpter mule, well laden with provender, which these worthy gentlemen had brought with them.
"'Tis Sir Norman of Torn," spoke up Red Shandy, "with his great host of noble knights and men-at-arms and squires and lackeys and sumpter beasts.
After them came twenty-seven sumpter horses carrying tent-poles, cloth, spare arms, spurs, wedges, cooking kettles, horse-shoes, bags of nails and the hundred other things which experience had shown to be needful in a harried and hostile country.