super-


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Related to super-: Super-earth

super-

(word root) above, beyond
Examples of words with the root super-: superimpose, supersede, supernatural
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

super-

pref.
1. Above; over; upon: superimpose.
2. Superior, as in size, quality, degree, or ability: superfluid.
3.
a. Exceeding a norm: supersaturate.
b. Extreme or excessive, as in degree or intensity: supersubtle.
c. Containing a specified ingredient in an unusually high proportion: superphosphate.
4. More inclusive than a specified category: superorder.

[Latin, from super, over, above; see uper in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

super-

prefix
1. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) placed above or over: superscript.
2. of greater size, extent, quality, etc: supermarket.
3. surpassing others; outstanding: superstar.
4. beyond a standard or norm; exceeding or exceedingly: supersonic.
5. (Chemistry) indicating that a chemical compound contains a specified element in a higher proportion than usual: superoxide.
[from Latin super above]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

su•per

(ˈsu pər)

n.
1. a superintendent, esp. of an apartment house.
2. a supernumerary.
3. a supervisor.
4. an article of a superior quality, grade, size, etc.
5. (in beekeeping) the portion of a hive in which honey is stored.
adj.
6. of the highest degree, power, etc.: a super council.
7. of an extreme or excessive degree: super haste.
8. very good; first-rate; excellent.
adv.
9. very; extremely or excessively: super cooperative.
[1855–65; independent use of super- (construed as an adj. or adv.), or shortening of words prefixed with it]

super-

a prefix occurring orig. in loanwords from Latin, with the basic meaning “above, beyond.” Words formed with super- have the following general senses: “to place or be placed above or over” (superimpose), “a thing placed over another” (superstructure), “situated over” (superficial) and, more figuratively, “an individual, thing, or property that exceeds customary norms or levels” (superconductivity; superman), “something larger, more powerful, or with wider application than others of its kind” (supercomputer; superhighway), “exceeding norms or limits” (superhuman), “having the specified property to a great or excessive degree” (supercritical; superfine), “to subject to (a physical process) to an extreme degree” (supercharge; supercool), “a category that embraces a number of lesser items of the specified kind” (superfamily), “a chemical compound with a higher proportion than usual of a given constituent” (superphosphate).
[< Latin super (preposition and v. prefix) above, beyond, in addition, to an especially high degree; akin to Greek hypér (see hyper-), Skt upari; see over]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations

super-

[ˈsuːpər-] prefixsupra-, super-
a fragment of crystal with supernormal powers → un fragment de cristal aux pouvoirs supranormaux
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

super-

prefsuper-, Super-
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in classic literature ?
Look at Henry the Eight; this 'n 's a Sunday-school Super- intendent to HIM.
And I am always assured by the critics of my super- abundant and abounding vitality, and of how thoroughly I am deluded by these very illusions I exploit.